2014 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 20

Problem

For how many positive integers $x$ is $\log_{10}(x-40) + \log_{10}(60-x) < 2$ ?

$\textbf{(A) }10\qquad \textbf{(B) }18\qquad \textbf{(C) }19\qquad \textbf{(D) }20\qquad \textbf{(E) }\text{infinitely many}\qquad$

Solution

The domain of the LHS implies that \[40<x<60\] Begin from the left hand side \[\log_{10}[(x-40)(60-x)]<2\] \[-x^2+100x-2500<0\] \[(x-50)^2>0\] \[x \not = 50\] Hence, we have integers from 41 to 49 and 51 to 59. There are $\boxed{\textbf{(B)} 18}$ integers.

See also

2014 AMC 12B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 19
Followed by
Problem 21
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

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