2015 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 23

Tom has twelve slips of paper which he wants to put into five cups labeled $A$, $B$, $C$, $D$, $E$. He wants the sum of the numbers on the slips in each cup to be an integer. Furthermore, he wants the five integers to be consecutive and increasing from $A$ to $E$. The numbers on the papers are $2, 2, 2, 2.5, 2.5, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3.5, 4,$ and $4.5$. If a slip with $2$ goes into cup $E$ and a slip with $3$ goes into cup $B$, then the slip with $3.5$ must go into what cup?

$\textbf{(A) } A \qquad \textbf{(B) } B \qquad \textbf{(C) } C \qquad \textbf{(D) } D \qquad \textbf{(E) } E$

Solution

The numbers have a sum of $6+5+12+4+8=35$, which averages to $7$, which means $A, B, C, D, E$ will have values $5, 6, 7, 8, 9$, respectively. Now it's process of elimination: Cup $A$ will have a sum of $5$, so putting a $3.5$ slip in the cup will leave $5-3.5=1.5$; However, all of our slips are bigger than $1.5$, so this is impossible. Cup $B$ has a sum of $6$, but we are told that it already has a $3$ slip, leaving $6-3=3$, which is too small for the $3.5$ slip. Cup $C$ is a little bit trickier, but still manageable. It must have a value of $7$, so adding the $3.5$ slip leaves room for $7-3.5=3.5$. This looks good at first, as we do have slips smaller than that, but upon closer inspection, we see that no slip fits exactly, and the smallest sum of two slips is $2+2=4$, which is too big, so this case is also impossible. Cup $E$ has a sum of $9$, but we are told it already has a $2$ slip, so we are left with $9-2=7$, which is identical to the Cup C case, and thus also impossible. With all other choices removed, we are left with the answer: Cup $\boxed{\textbf{(D)}~D}$

See Also

2015 AMC 8 (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 22
Followed by
Problem 24
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. AMC logo.png

ACS WASC
ACCREDITED
SCHOOL

Stay Connected

Subscribe to get news and
updates from AoPS, or Contact Us.
© 2017
AoPS Incorporated
Invalid username
Login to AoPS