Difference between revisions of "1950 AHSME Problems/Problem 5"

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== Problem==
 
== Problem==
  
If five geometric means are inserted between <math>8</math> and <math>5832</math>, the fifth term in the gemetric series:
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If five geometric means are inserted between <math>8</math> and <math>5832</math>, the fifth term in the geometric series:
  
 
<math> \textbf{(A)}\ 648\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 832\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 1168\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 1944\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \text{None of these} </math>
 
<math> \textbf{(A)}\ 648\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 832\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 1168\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 1944\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \text{None of these} </math>

Latest revision as of 19:50, 13 July 2014

Problem

If five geometric means are inserted between $8$ and $5832$, the fifth term in the geometric series:

$\textbf{(A)}\ 648\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 832\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 1168\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 1944\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \text{None of these}$

Solution

We can let the common ratio of the geometric sequence be $r$. $5832$ is given to be the seventh term in the geometric sequence as there are five terms between it and $a_1$ if we consider $a_1=8$. By the formula for each term in a geometric sequence, we find that $a_n=a_1r^{n-1}$ or $(5382)=(8)r^6$ We divide by eight to find: $r^6=729$ $r=\pm 3$

Because $a_2$ will not be between $8$ and $5832$ if $r=-3$ we can discard it as an extraneous solution. We find $r=3$ and $a_5=a_1r^4=(8)(3)^4=\boxed{\textbf{(A)}\ 648}$

See Also

1950 AHSC (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 4
Followed by
Problem 6
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50
All AHSME Problems and Solutions

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