1960 AHSME Problems/Problem 37

Revision as of 19:17, 15 May 2018 by Rockmanex3 (talk | contribs) (Solution (WIP))

Problem

The base of a triangle is of length $b$, and the altitude is of length $h$. A rectangle of height $x$ is inscribed in the triangle with the base of the rectangle in the base of the triangle. The area of the rectangle is:

$\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{bx}{h}(h-x)\qquad \textbf{(B)}\ \frac{hx}{b}(b-x)\qquad \textbf{(C)}\ \frac{bx}{h}(h-2x)\qquad \textbf{(D)}\ x(b-x)\qquad \textbf{(E)}\ x(h-x)$

Solution

Let $AB=b$, $DE=h$, and $WX = YZ = x$. [asy] pair A=(0,0),B=(56,0),C=(20,48),D=(20,0),W=(10,0),X=(10,24),Y=(38,24),Z=(38,0); draw(A--B--C--A); draw((10,0)--(10,24)--(38,24)--(38,0)); draw(C--D); dot(A); dot(B); dot(C); dot(D); dot(W); dot(X); dot(Y); dot(Z); dot((20,24)); label("$A$",A,S); label("$B$",B,S); label("$C$",C,N); label("$D$",D,S); label("$W$",W,S); label("$X$",X,NW); label("$Y$",Y,NE); label("$Z$",Z,S); label("$N$",(20,24),NW); [/asy] Since $CD$ is perpendicular to $AB$, $ND = WX$. That means $CN = h-x$. The sides of the rectangle are parallel, so $XY \parallel WZ$. That means by AA Similarity, $\triangle CXY \sim \triangle CAB$. Letting $n$ be the length of the base of the rectangle, that means \[\frac{h-x}{n} = \frac{h}{b}\] \[n = \frac{b(h-x)}{h}\] Thus, the area of the rectangle is $\frac{bx}{h}(h-x)$, which is answer choice $\boxed{\textbf{(A)}}$.

See Also

1960 AHSC (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 36
Followed by
Problem 38
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