# Difference between revisions of "1964 AHSME Problems/Problem 11"

## Problem

Given $2^x=8^{y+1}$ and $9^y=3^{x-9}$, find the value of $x+y$

$\textbf{(A)}\ 18 \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 21 \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 24 \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 27 \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 30$

## Solution

Since $8^{y + 1} = 2^{3(y+1)}$ and $9^y = 3^{2y}$, we have:

$2^x = 2^{3(y+1)}$ and $3^{2y} = 3^{x - 9}$

Note that if $a^b = a^c$, then $b=c$. Setting the exponents equal gives $x = 3y + 3$ and $2y = x - 9$. Plugging the first equation into the second equation gives:

$2y = (3y + 3) - 9$

$2y = 3y - 6$

$0 = y - 6$

$y = 6$

Plugging that back in to $x = 3y + 3$ gives $x = 3(6) + 3$, or $x = 21$. Thus, $x+y = 21 + 6$, or $x+y=27$, which is option $\boxed{\textbf{(D)}}$

## See Also

 1964 AHSC (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) Preceded byProblem 10 Followed byProblem 12 1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 • 26 • 27 • 28 • 29 • 30 • 31 • 32 • 33 • 34 • 35 • 36 • 37 • 38 • 39 • 40 All AHSME Problems and Solutions

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions.

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