Difference between revisions of "1967 AHSME Problems/Problem 19"

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== Solution ==
 
== Solution ==
<math>\fbox{E}</math>
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We are given <math>xy = (x+\frac{5}{2})(y-\frac{2}{3}) = (x - \frac{5}{2})(y + \frac{4}{3})</math>
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FOILing each side gives:
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<math>xy = xy - \frac{2}{3}x + \frac{5}{2}y - \frac{5}{3} = xy + \frac{4}{3}x - \frac{5}{2}y - \frac{10}{3}</math>
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Taking the last two parts and moving everything to the left gives:
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<math>-2x + 5y + \frac{5}{3} = 0</math>
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Taking the first two parts and multiplying by <math>3</math> gives <math>-2x + \frac{15}{2}y - 5 = 0</math>
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Solving both equations for <math>-2x</math> and setting them equal to each other gives <math>5y + \frac{5}{3} = \frac{15}{2}y - 5</math>, which leads to <math>y = \frac{8}{3}</math>
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Plugging that in to <math>-2x + 5y + \frac{5}{3} = 0</math> gives <math>x = \frac{15}{2}</math>.
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The area of the rectangle is <math>xy = 20</math>, or <math>\fbox{E}</math>.
  
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==

Latest revision as of 02:20, 13 July 2019

Problem

The area of a rectangle remains unchanged when it is made $2 \frac{1}{2}$ inches longer and $\frac{2}{3}$ inch narrower, or when it is made $2 \frac{1}{2}$ inches shorter and $\frac{4}{3}$ inch wider. Its area, in square inches, is:

$\textbf{(A)}\ 30\qquad \textbf{(B)}\ \frac{80}{3}\qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 24\qquad \textbf{(D)}\ \frac{45}{2}\qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 20$

Solution

We are given $xy = (x+\frac{5}{2})(y-\frac{2}{3}) = (x - \frac{5}{2})(y + \frac{4}{3})$

FOILing each side gives:

$xy = xy - \frac{2}{3}x + \frac{5}{2}y - \frac{5}{3} = xy + \frac{4}{3}x - \frac{5}{2}y - \frac{10}{3}$

Taking the last two parts and moving everything to the left gives:

$-2x + 5y + \frac{5}{3} = 0$

Taking the first two parts and multiplying by $3$ gives $-2x + \frac{15}{2}y - 5 = 0$

Solving both equations for $-2x$ and setting them equal to each other gives $5y + \frac{5}{3} = \frac{15}{2}y - 5$, which leads to $y = \frac{8}{3}$

Plugging that in to $-2x + 5y + \frac{5}{3} = 0$ gives $x = \frac{15}{2}$.

The area of the rectangle is $xy = 20$, or $\fbox{E}$.

See also

1967 AHSME (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 18
Followed by
Problem 20
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