1972 IMO Problems/Problem 1
Problem
Prove that from a set of ten distinct two-digit numbers (in the decimal system), it is possible to select two disjoint subsets whose members have the same sum.
Solution
Note that there are distinct subsets of our set of 10 two-digit numbers. Also note that the sum of the elements of any subset of our set of 10 two-digit numbers must be between 10 and . This shows that there are 846 attainable sums. The Pigeonhole Principle then implies that there are two distinct subsets whose members have the same sum. Let these sets be and . Note that and are two distinct sets whose members have the same sum. These two sets are subsets of our set of 10 distinct two-digit numbers, so this proves the claim.
Solution (Cheap Way)
By definition an empty set is disjoint to any other set. Therefore, our subsets will be empty set and empty set.
Alternate solutions are always welcome. If you have a different, elegant solution to this problem, please add it to this page.
See Also
1972 IMO (Problems) • Resources | ||
Preceded by First Problem |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 | Followed by Problem 2 |
All IMO Problems and Solutions |