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# Difference between revisions of "1974 AHSME Problems"

## Problem 1

If $x\not=0$ or $4$ and $y\not=0$ or $6$, then $\frac{2}{x}+\frac{3}{y}=\frac{1}{2}$ is equivalent to

$\mathrm{(A)\ } 4x+3y=xy \qquad \mathrm{(B) \ }y=\frac{4x}{6-y} \qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } \frac{x}{2}+\frac{y}{3}=2 \qquad$

$\mathrm{(D) \ } \frac{4y}{y-6}=x \qquad \mathrm{(E) \ }\text{none of these}$

## Problem 2

Let $x_1$ and $x_2$ be such that $x_1\not=x_2$ and $3x_i^2-hx_i=b$, $i=1, 2$. Then $x_1+x_2$ equals

$\mathrm{(A)\ } -\frac{h}{3} \qquad \mathrm{(B) \ }\frac{h}{3} \qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } \frac{b}{3} \qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } 2b \qquad \mathrm{(E) \ }-\frac{b}{3}$

## Problem 3

The coefficient of $x^7$ in the polynomial expansion of

$$(1+2x-x^2)^4$$

is

$\mathrm{(A)\ } -8 \qquad \mathrm{(B) \ }12 \qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 6 \qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } -12 \qquad \mathrm{(E) \ }\text{none of these}$

## Problem 4

What is the remainder when $x^{51}+51$ is divided by $x+1$?

$\mathrm{(A)\ } 0 \qquad \mathrm{(B) \ }1 \qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 49 \qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } 50 \qquad \mathrm{(E) \ }51$

## Problem 5

Given a quadrilateral $ABCD$ inscribed in a circle with side $AB$ extended beyond $B$ to point $E$, if $\measuredangle BAD=92^\circ$ and $\measuredangle ADC=68^\circ$, find $\measuredangle EBC$.

$\mathrm{(A)\ } 66^\circ \qquad \mathrm{(B) \ }68^\circ \qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 70^\circ \qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } 88^\circ \qquad \mathrm{(E) \ }92^\circ$

## Problem 6

For positive real numbers $x$ and $y$ define $x*y=\frac{x\cdot y}{x+y}$' then

$\mathrm{(A)\ } \text{*" is commutative but not associative} \qquad$

$\mathrm{(B) \ }\text{*" is associative but not commutative} \qquad$

$\mathrm{(C) \ } \text{*" is neither commutative nor associative} \qquad$

$\mathrm{(D) \ } \text{*" is commutative and associative} \qquad$

$\mathrm{(E) \ }\text{none of these} \qquad$

## Problem 7

A town's population increased by $1,200$ people, and then this new population decreased by $11\%$. The town now had $32$ less people than it did before the $1,200$ increase. What is the original population?

$\mathrm{(A)\ } 1,200 \qquad \mathrm{(B) \ }11,200 \qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 9,968 \qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } 10,000 \qquad \mathrm{(E) \ }\text{none of these}$

## Problem 8

What is the smallest prime number dividing the sum $3^{11}+5^{13}$?

$\mathrm{(A)\ } 2 \qquad \mathrm{(B) \ }3 \qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 5 \qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } 3^{11}+5^{13} \qquad \mathrm{(E) \ }\text{none of these}$

## Problem 9

The integers greater than one are arranged in five columns as follows:

$$\begin{tabular}{c c c c c}\ & 2 & 3 & 4 & 5\\ 9 & 8 & 7 & 6 &\ \\ \ & 10 & 11 & 12 & 13\\ 17 & 16 & 15 & 14 &\ \\ \ & . & . & . & .\\ \end{tabular}$$

(Four consecutive integers appear in each row; in the first, third and other odd numbered rows, the integers appear in the last four columns and increase from left to right; in the second, fourth and other even numbered rows, the integers appear in the first four columns and increase from right to left.)

In which column will the number $1,000$ fall?

$\mathrm{(A)\ } \text{first} \qquad \mathrm{(B) \ }\text{second} \qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } \text{third} \qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } \text{fourth} \qquad \mathrm{(E) \ }\text{fifth}$

## Problem 10

What is the smallest integral value of $k$ such that

$$2x(kx-4)-x^2+6=0$$

has no real roots?

$\mathrm{(A)\ } -1 \qquad \mathrm{(B) \ }2 \qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 3 \qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } 4 \qquad \mathrm{(E) \ }5$

## Solution

Expanding, we have $2kx^2-8x-x^2+6=0$, or $(2k-1)x^2-8x+6=0$. For this quadratic not to have real roots, it must have a negative discriminant. Therefore, $(-8)^2-4(2k-1)(6)<0\implies 64-48k+24<0\implies k>\frac{11}{6}$. From here, we can easily see that the smallest integral value of $k$ is $2, \boxed{\text{B}}$.

 1974 AHSME (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) Preceded byProblem 9 Followed byProblem 11 1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 • 26 • 27 • 28 • 29 • 30 All AHSME Problems and Solutions

## Problem 11

If $(a, b)$ and $(c, d)$ are two points on the line whose equation is $y=mx+k$, then the distance between $(a, b)$ and $(c, d)$, in terms of $a, c,$ and $m$ is

$\mathrm{(A)\ } |a-c|\sqrt{1+m^2} \qquad \mathrm{(B) \ }|a+c|\sqrt{1+m^2} \qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } \frac{|a-c|}{\sqrt{1+m^2}} \qquad$

$\mathrm{(D) \ } |a-c|(1+m^2) \qquad \mathrm{(E) \ }|a-c|\,|m|$

## Problem 12

If $g(x)=1-x^2$ and $f(g(x))=\frac{1-x^2}{x^2}$ when $x\not=0$, then $f(1/2)$ equals

$\mathrm{(A)\ } 3/4 \qquad \mathrm{(B) \ }1 \qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 3 \qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } \sqrt{2}/2 \qquad \mathrm{(E) \ }\sqrt{2}$

## Problem 13

Which of the following is equivalent to "If P is true, then Q is false."?

$\mathrm{(A)\ } \text{P is true or Q is false."} \qquad$

$\mathrm{(B) \ }\text{If Q is false then P is true."} \qquad$

$\mathrm{(C) \ } \text{If P is false then Q is true."} \qquad$

$\mathrm{(D) \ } \text{If Q is true then P is false."} \qquad$

$\mathrm{(E) \ }\text{If Q is true then P is true."} \qquad$

## Problem 14

Which statement is correct?

$\mathrm{(A)\ } \text{If } x<0, \text{then } x^2>x. \qquad \mathrm{(B) \ } \text{If } x^2>0, \text{then } x>0.$

$\qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } \text{If } x^2>x, \text{then } x>0. \qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } \text{If } x^2>x, \text{then } x<0.$

$\qquad \mathrm{(E) \ }\text{If } x<1, \text{then } x^2

## Problem 15

If $x<-2$, then $|1-|1+x||$ equals

$\mathrm{(A)\ } 2+x \qquad \mathrm{(B) \ }-2-x \qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } x \qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } -x \qquad \mathrm{(E) \ }-2$

## Problem 16

A circle of radius $r$ is inscribed in a right isosceles triangle, and a circle of radius $R$ is circumscribed about the triangle. Then $R/r$ equals

$\mathrm{(A)\ } 1+\sqrt{2} \qquad \mathrm{(B) \ }\frac{2+\sqrt{2}}{2} \qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } \frac{\sqrt{2}-1}{2} \qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } \frac{1+\sqrt{2}}{2} \qquad \mathrm{(E) \ }2(2-\sqrt{2})$

## Problem 17

If $i^2=-1$, then $(1+i)^{20}-(1-i)^{20}$ equals

$\mathrm{(A)\ } -1024 \qquad \mathrm{(B) \ }-1024i \qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 0 \qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } 1024 \qquad \mathrm{(E) \ }1024i$

## Problem 18

If $\log_8{3}=p$ and $\log_3{5}=q$, then, in terms of $p$ and $q$, $\log_{10}{5}$ equals

$\mathrm{(A)\ } pq \qquad \mathrm{(B) \ }\frac{3p+q}{5} \qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } \frac{1+3pq}{p+q} \qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } \frac{3pq}{1+3pq} \qquad \mathrm{(E) \ }p^2+q^2$

## Problem 19

In the adjoining figure $ABCD$ is a square and $CMN$ is an equilateral triangle. If the area of $ABCD$ is one square inch, then the area of $CMN$ in square inches is

$[asy] draw((0,0)--(1,0)--(1,1)--(0,1)--cycle); draw((.82,0)--(1,1)--(0,.76)--cycle); label("A", (0,0), S); label("B", (1,0), S); label("C", (1,1), N); label("D", (0,1), N); label("M", (0,.76), W); label("N", (.82,0), S);[/asy]$

$\mathrm{(A)\ } 2\sqrt{3}-3 \qquad \mathrm{(B) \ }1-\frac{\sqrt{3}}{3} \qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } \frac{\sqrt{3}}{4} \qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } \frac{\sqrt{2}}{3} \qquad \mathrm{(E) \ }4-2\sqrt{3}$

## Problem 20

Let

$$T=\frac{1}{3-\sqrt{8}}-\frac{1}{\sqrt{8}-\sqrt{7}}+\frac{1}{\sqrt{7}-\sqrt{6}}-\frac{1}{\sqrt{6}-\sqrt{5}}+\frac{1}{\sqrt{5}-2}.$$

Then

$\mathrm{(A)\ } T<1 \qquad \mathrm{(B) \ }T=1 \qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 12 \qquad$

$\mathrm{(E) \ }T=\frac{1}{(3-\sqrt{8})(\sqrt{8}-\sqrt{7})(\sqrt{7}-\sqrt{6})(\sqrt{6}-\sqrt{5})(\sqrt{5}-2)}$

## Problem 21

In a geometric series of positive terms the difference between the fifth and fourth terms is $576$, and the difference between the second and first terms is $9$. What is the sum of the first five terms of this series?

$\mathrm{(A)\ } 1061 \qquad \mathrm{(B) \ }1023 \qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 1024 \qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } 768 \qquad \mathrm{(E) \ }\text{none of these}$

## Problem 22

The minimum of $\sin\frac{A}{2}-\sqrt{3}\cos\frac{A}{2}$ is attained when $A$ is

$\mathrm{(A)\ } -180^\circ \qquad \mathrm{(B) \ }60^\circ \qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 120^\circ \qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } 0^\circ \qquad \mathrm{(E) \ }\text{none of these}$

## Problem 23

In the adjoining figure $TP$ and $T'Q$ are parallel tangents to a circle of radius $r$, with $T$ and $T'$ the points of tangency. $PT''Q$ is a third tangent with $T'''$ as a point of tangency. If $TP=4$ and $T'Q=9$ then $r$ is

$[asy] unitsize(45); pair O = (0,0); pair T = dir(90); pair T1 = dir(270); pair T2 = dir(25); pair P = (.61,1); pair Q = (1.61, -1); draw(unitcircle); dot(O); label("O",O,W); label("T",T,N); label("T'",T1,S); label("T''",T2,NE); label("P",P,NE); label("Q",Q,S); draw(O--T2); label("r",midpoint(O--T2),NW); draw(T--P); label("4",midpoint(T--P),N); draw(T1--Q); label("9",midpoint(T1--Q),S); draw(P--Q);[/asy]$

$\mathrm{(A)\ } 25/6 \qquad \mathrm{(B) \ } 6 \qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 25/4 \qquad$

$\mathrm{(D) \ } \text{a number other than }25/6, 6, 25/4 \qquad$

$\mathrm{(E) \ }\text{not determinable from the given information}$

## Problem 24

A fair die is rolled six times. The probability of rolling at least a five at least five times is

$\mathrm{(A)\ } \frac{13}{729} \qquad \mathrm{(B) \ }\frac{12}{729} \qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } \frac{2}{729} \qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } \frac{3}{729} \qquad \mathrm{(E) \ }\text{none of these}$

## Problem 25

In parallelogram $ABCD$ of the accompanying diagram, line $DP$ is drawn bisecting $BC$ at $N$ and meeting $AB$ (extended) at $P$. From vertex $C$, line $CQ$ is drawn bisecting side $AD$ at $M$ and meeting $AB$ (extended) at $Q$. Lines $DP$ and $CQ$ meet at $O$. If the area of parallelogram $ABCD$ is $k$, then the area of the triangle $QPO$ is equal to

$[asy] size((400)); draw((0,0)--(5,0)--(6,3)--(1,3)--cycle); draw((6,3)--(-5,0)--(10,0)--(1,3)); label("A", (0,0), S); label("B", (5,0), S); label("C", (6,3), NE); label("D", (1,3), NW); label("P", (10,0), E); label("Q", (-5,0), W); label("M", (.5,1.5), NW); label("N", (5.65, 1.5), NE); label("O", (3.4,1.75));[/asy]$

$\mathrm{(A)\ } k \qquad \mathrm{(B) \ }\frac{6k}{5} \qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } \frac{9k}{8} \qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } \frac{5k}{4} \qquad \mathrm{(E) \ }2k$

## Problem 26

The number of distinct positive integral divisors of $(30)^4$ excluding $1$ and $(30)^4$ is

$\mathrm{(A)\ } 100 \qquad \mathrm{(B) \ }125 \qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 123 \qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } 30 \qquad \mathrm{(E) \ }\text{none of these}$

## Problem 27

If $f(x)=3x+2$ for all real $x$, then the statement: "$|f(x)+4| whenever $|x+2| and $a>0$ and $b>0$" is true when

$\mathrm{(A)}\ b\le a/3\qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ b > a/3\qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ a\le b/3\qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ a > b/3\\ \qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ \text{The statement is never true.}$

## Problem 28

Which of the following is satisfied by all numbers $x$ of the form

$$x=\frac{a_1}{3}+\frac{a_2}{3^2}+\cdots+\frac{a_{25}}{3^{25}}$$

where $a_1$ is $0$ or $2$, $a_2$ is $0$ or $2$,...,$a_{25}$ is $0$ or $2$?

$\mathrm{(A)\ } 0\le x<1/3 \qquad \mathrm{(B) \ } 1/3\le x<2/3 \qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 2/3\le x<1 \qquad$

$\mathrm{(D) \ } 0\le x<1/3 \text{ or }2/3\le x<1 \qquad \mathrm{(E) \ }1/2\le x\le 3/4$

## Problem 29

For $p=1, 2, \cdots, 10$ let $S_p$ be the sum of the first $40$ terms of the arithmetic progression whose first term is $p$ and whose common difference is $2p-1$; then $S_1+S_2+\cdots+S_{10}$ is

$\mathrm{(A)\ } 80000 \qquad \mathrm{(B) \ }80200 \qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 80400 \qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } 80600 \qquad \mathrm{(E) \ }80800$

## Problem 30

A line segment is divided so that the lesser part is to the greater part as the greater part is to the whole. If $R$ is the ratio of the lesser part to the greater part, then the value of

$$R^{[R^{(R^2+R^{-1})}+R^{-1}]}+R^{-1}$$

is

$\mathrm{(A)\ } 2 \qquad \mathrm{(B) \ }2R \qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } R^{-1} \qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } 2+R^{-1} \qquad \mathrm{(E) \ }2+R$