1975 AHSME Problems/Problem 22

Revision as of 22:37, 6 January 2020 by Brainiacmaniac31 (talk | contribs) (Created page with "Since the roots are both positive integers, we can say that <math>x^2-px+q=(x-1)(x-q)</math> since <math>q</math> only has <math>2</math> divisors. Thus, the roots are <math>1...")
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)

Since the roots are both positive integers, we can say that $x^2-px+q=(x-1)(x-q)$ since $q$ only has $2$ divisors. Thus, the roots are $1$ and $q$ and $p=q+1$. The only two primes which differ by $1$ are $2,3$ so $p=3$ and $q=2$. $I$ is true because $3-2=1$. $II$ is true because one of the roots is $2$ which is prime. $III$ is true because $3^2-2=7$ is prime. $IV$ is true because $2+3=5$ is prime. Thus, the answer is $\textbf{(E)}$.

Invalid username
Login to AoPS