1979 AHSME Problems/Problem 22

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Problem 22

Find the number of pairs $(m, n)$ of integers which satisfy the equation $m^3 + 6m^2 + 5m = 27n^3 + 9n^2 + 9n + 1$.

$\textbf{(A) }0\qquad \textbf{(B) }1\qquad \textbf{(C) }3\qquad \textbf{(D) }9\qquad \textbf{(E) }\infty$

Solution

Solution by e_power_pi_times_i

Notice that $m^3 + 6m^2 + 5m + 18n^2 = 27n^3 + 27n^2 + 9n + 1 = \frac{(3n+1)^3}{27}$. Then $27(m^3 + 6m^2 + 5m + 18n^2) = (3n+1)^3$, and $(3n+1)^3 | 27$. However, $(3n+1)^3$ will never be divisible by $3$, nor $27$, so there are $\boxed{\textbf{(A) } 0}$ integer pairs of $(m, n)$.

See also

1979 AHSME (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 21
Followed by
Problem 23
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