Difference between revisions of "1982 AHSME Problems/Problem 28"

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== Solution ==
 
== Solution ==
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Suppose that there are <math>n</math> positive integers in the set initially, so their sum is <math>\frac{n(n+1)}{2}</math> by arithmetic series. The average of the remaining numbers is minimized when <math>n</math> is erased, and is maximized when <math>1</math> is erased.
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It is clear that <math>n>1,</math> from which we write and solve a compound inequality for <math>n:</math>
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<cmath>\begin{alignat*}{8}
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\frac{\frac{n(n+1)}{2}-n}{n-1} &\leq 35\frac{7}{17} &&\leq \frac{\frac{n(n+1)}{2}-1}{n-1} \\
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\frac{n(n+1)-2n}{2(n-1)} &\leq 35\frac{7}{17} &&\leq \frac{n(n+1)-2}{2(n-1)} \\
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\frac{n^2-n}{2(n-1)} &\leq 35\frac{7}{17} &&\leq \frac{n^2+n-2}{2(n-1)} \\
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\frac{n(n-1)}{2(n-1)} &\leq 35\frac{7}{17} &&\leq \frac{(n+2)(n-1)}{2(n-1)} \\
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\frac{n}{2} &\leq 35\frac{7}{17} &&\leq \frac{n+2}{2} \\
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n &\leq 70\frac{14}{17} &&\leq n+2 \\
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68\frac{14}{17} &\leq \hspace{3mm} n &&\leq 70\frac{14}{17}.
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\end{alignat*}</cmath>
  
 
== See Also ==
 
== See Also ==
 
{{AHSME box|year=1982|num-b=27|num-a=29}}
 
{{AHSME box|year=1982|num-b=27|num-a=29}}
 
{{MAA Notice}}
 
{{MAA Notice}}

Revision as of 04:04, 10 September 2021

Problem

A set of consecutive positive integers beginning with $1$ is written on a blackboard. One number is erased. The average (arithmetic mean) of the remaining numbers is $35\frac{7}{17}$. What number was erased?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 6\qquad  \textbf{(B)}\ 7 \qquad  \textbf{(C)}\ 8 \qquad  \textbf{(D)}\  9\qquad  \textbf{(E)}\ \text{cannot be determined}$

Solution

Suppose that there are $n$ positive integers in the set initially, so their sum is $\frac{n(n+1)}{2}$ by arithmetic series. The average of the remaining numbers is minimized when $n$ is erased, and is maximized when $1$ is erased.

It is clear that $n>1,$ from which we write and solve a compound inequality for $n:$ \begin{alignat*}{8} \frac{\frac{n(n+1)}{2}-n}{n-1} &\leq 35\frac{7}{17} &&\leq \frac{\frac{n(n+1)}{2}-1}{n-1} \\ \frac{n(n+1)-2n}{2(n-1)} &\leq 35\frac{7}{17} &&\leq \frac{n(n+1)-2}{2(n-1)} \\ \frac{n^2-n}{2(n-1)} &\leq 35\frac{7}{17} &&\leq \frac{n^2+n-2}{2(n-1)} \\ \frac{n(n-1)}{2(n-1)} &\leq 35\frac{7}{17} &&\leq \frac{(n+2)(n-1)}{2(n-1)} \\ \frac{n}{2} &\leq 35\frac{7}{17} &&\leq \frac{n+2}{2} \\ n &\leq 70\frac{14}{17} &&\leq n+2 \\ 68\frac{14}{17} &\leq \hspace{3mm} n &&\leq 70\frac{14}{17}. \end{alignat*}

See Also

1982 AHSME (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 27
Followed by
Problem 29
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
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