Difference between revisions of "1983 AIME Problems/Problem 9"
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== Solution == | == Solution == | ||
+ | === Solution 1 === | ||
Let <math>y=x\sin{x}</math>. We can rewrite the expression as <math>\frac{9y^2+4}{y}=9y+\frac{4}{y}</math>. | Let <math>y=x\sin{x}</math>. We can rewrite the expression as <math>\frac{9y^2+4}{y}=9y+\frac{4}{y}</math>. | ||
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Therefore, the minimum value is <math>\boxed{012}</math> (when <math>x\sin{x}=\frac23</math>; since <math>x\sin x</math> is continuous and increasing on the interval <math>0 \le x \le \frac{\pi}{2}</math> and its range on that interval is from <math>0 \le x\sin x \le \frac{\pi}{2}</math>, by the [[Intermediate Value Theorem]] this value is attainable). | Therefore, the minimum value is <math>\boxed{012}</math> (when <math>x\sin{x}=\frac23</math>; since <math>x\sin x</math> is continuous and increasing on the interval <math>0 \le x \le \frac{\pi}{2}</math> and its range on that interval is from <math>0 \le x\sin x \le \frac{\pi}{2}</math>, by the [[Intermediate Value Theorem]] this value is attainable). | ||
− | == Solution 2 == | + | === Solution 2 === |
Let <math>y = x\sin{x}</math> and rewrite the expression as <math>f(y) = 9y + \frac{4}{y}</math>, similar to the previous solution. To minimize <math>f(y)</math>, take the [[derivative]] of <math>f(y)</math> and set it equal to zero. | Let <math>y = x\sin{x}</math> and rewrite the expression as <math>f(y) = 9y + \frac{4}{y}</math>, similar to the previous solution. To minimize <math>f(y)</math>, take the [[derivative]] of <math>f(y)</math> and set it equal to zero. | ||
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<math>f'(y)</math> is zero only when <math>y = \frac{2}{3}</math> or <math>y = -\frac{2}{3}</math>. It can further be verified that <math>\frac{2}{3}</math> and <math>-\frac{2}{3}</math> are relative minima by finding the derivatives of other points near the critical points. However, since <math>x \sin{x}</math> is always positive in the given domain, <math>y = \frac{2}{3}</math>. Therefore, <math>x\sin{x}</math> = <math>\frac{2}{3}</math>, and the answer is <math>\frac{(9)(\frac{2}{3})^2 + 4}{\frac{2}{3}} = \boxed{012}</math>. | <math>f'(y)</math> is zero only when <math>y = \frac{2}{3}</math> or <math>y = -\frac{2}{3}</math>. It can further be verified that <math>\frac{2}{3}</math> and <math>-\frac{2}{3}</math> are relative minima by finding the derivatives of other points near the critical points. However, since <math>x \sin{x}</math> is always positive in the given domain, <math>y = \frac{2}{3}</math>. Therefore, <math>x\sin{x}</math> = <math>\frac{2}{3}</math>, and the answer is <math>\frac{(9)(\frac{2}{3})^2 + 4}{\frac{2}{3}} = \boxed{012}</math>. | ||
− | == See | + | == See Also == |
{{AIME box|year=1983|num-b=8|num-a=10}} | {{AIME box|year=1983|num-b=8|num-a=10}} | ||
[[Category:Intermediate Algebra Problems]] | [[Category:Intermediate Algebra Problems]] | ||
[[Category:Intermediate Trigonometry Problems]] | [[Category:Intermediate Trigonometry Problems]] |
Revision as of 07:01, 16 April 2012
Problem
Find the minimum value of for .
Solution
Solution 1
Let . We can rewrite the expression as .
Since and because , we have . So we can apply AM-GM:
The equality holds when .
Therefore, the minimum value is (when ; since is continuous and increasing on the interval and its range on that interval is from , by the Intermediate Value Theorem this value is attainable).
Solution 2
Let and rewrite the expression as , similar to the previous solution. To minimize , take the derivative of and set it equal to zero.
The derivative of , using the Power Rule, is
=
is zero only when or . It can further be verified that and are relative minima by finding the derivatives of other points near the critical points. However, since is always positive in the given domain, . Therefore, = , and the answer is .
See Also
1983 AIME (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 8 |
Followed by Problem 10 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 | ||
All AIME Problems and Solutions |