Difference between revisions of "1984 AIME Problems/Problem 8"

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== Problem ==
 
== Problem ==
The equation <math>z^6+z^3+1</math> has complex roots with argument <math>\theta</math> between <math>90^\circ</math> and <math>180^\circ</math> in the complex plane. Determine the degree measure of <math>\theta</math>.
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The equation <math>z^6+z^3+1</math> has [[complex root]]s with argument <math>\theta</math> between <math>90^\circ</math> and <math>180^\circ</math> in the [[complex plane]]. Determine the degree measure of <math>\theta</math>.
  
 
== Solution ==
 
== Solution ==
If <math>r</math> is a root of <math>z^6+z^3+1</math>, then <math>0=(r^3-1)(r^6+r^3+1)=r^9-1</math>. The polynomial <math>x^9-1</math> has all of its roots with absolute value 1 and argument of the form <math>40m^\circ</math> for integer <math>m</math>.
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If <math>r</math> is a root of <math>z^6+z^3+1</math>, then <math>0=(r^3-1)(r^6+r^3+1)=r^9-1</math>. The polynomial <math>x^9-1</math> has all of its roots with [[absolute value]] <math>1</math> and argument of the form <math>40m^\circ</math> for integer <math>m</math>.
  
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This reduces <math>\theta</math> to either <math>120^{\circ}</math> or <math>160^{\circ}</math>. But <math>\theta</math> can't be <math>120^{\circ}</math> because if <math>r=\cos 120^\circ +i\sin 120^\circ </math>, then <math>r^3=1</math> and <math>r^6+r^3+1=3</math>, a contradiction. This leaves <math>\boxed{\theta=160}</math>.
  
This reduces <math>\theta</math> to either 120 or 160. But <math>\theta</math> can't be 120 because if <math>r=\cos 120^\circ +i\sin 120^\circ </math>, then <math>r^3=1</math> and <math>r^6+r^3+1=3</math>, a contradiction. This leaves <math>\theta=160</math>.
 
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==
 
{{AIME box|year=1984|num-b=7|num-a=9}}
 
{{AIME box|year=1984|num-b=7|num-a=9}}
* [[AIME Problems and Solutions]]
 
* [[American Invitational Mathematics Examination]]
 
* [[Mathematics competition resources]]
 
  
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[[Category:Intermediate Complex Numbers Problems]]
 
[[Category:Intermediate Trigonometry Problems]]
 
[[Category:Intermediate Trigonometry Problems]]
 
[[Category:Intermediate Complex Numbers Problems]]
 

Revision as of 18:33, 29 October 2007

Problem

The equation $z^6+z^3+1$ has complex roots with argument $\theta$ between $90^\circ$ and $180^\circ$ in the complex plane. Determine the degree measure of $\theta$.

Solution

If $r$ is a root of $z^6+z^3+1$, then $0=(r^3-1)(r^6+r^3+1)=r^9-1$. The polynomial $x^9-1$ has all of its roots with absolute value $1$ and argument of the form $40m^\circ$ for integer $m$.

This reduces $\theta$ to either $120^{\circ}$ or $160^{\circ}$. But $\theta$ can't be $120^{\circ}$ because if $r=\cos 120^\circ +i\sin 120^\circ$, then $r^3=1$ and $r^6+r^3+1=3$, a contradiction. This leaves $\boxed{\theta=160}$.

See also

1984 AIME (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 7
Followed by
Problem 9
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
All AIME Problems and Solutions
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