Difference between revisions of "1985 AIME Problems"

m
Line 64: Line 64:
  
 
==Problem 13==
 
==Problem 13==
 +
The numbers in the [[sequence]] <math>\displaystyle 101</math>, <math>\displaystyle 104</math>, <math>\displaystyle 109</math>, <math>\displaystyle 116</math>,<math>\displaystyle \ldots</math> are of the form <math>\displaystyle a_n=100+n^2</math>, where <math>\displaystyle n=1,2,3,\ldots</math> For each <math>\displaystyle n</math>, let <math>\displaystyle d_n</math> be the greatest common divisor of <math>\displaystyle a_n</math> and <math>\displaystyle a_{n+1}</math>. Find the maximum value of <math>\displaystyle d_n</math> as <math>\displaystyle n</math> ranges through the [[positive integer]]s.
  
 +
[[1985 AIME Problems/Problem 13 | Solution]]
  
[[1985 AIME Problems/Problem 13 | Solution]]
 
 
==Problem 14==
 
==Problem 14==
  

Revision as of 01:26, 21 January 2007

Problem 1

Let $x_1=97$, and for $n>1$ let$x_n=\frac{n}{x_{n-1}}$. Calculate the product $x_1x_2x_3x_4x_5x_6x_7x_8$.

Solution

Problem 2

When a right triangle is rotated about one leg, the volume of the cone produced is $800\pi \;\textrm{cm}^3$. When the triangle is rotated about the other leg, the volume of the cone produced is $1920\pi \;\textrm{cm}^3$. What is the length (in cm) of the hypotenuse of the triangle?

Solution

Problem 3

Find $c$ if $a$, $b$, and $c$ are positive integers which satisfy $c=(a + bi)^3 - 107i$, where $i^2 = -1$.

Solution

Problem 4

A small square is constructed inside a square of area 1 by dividing each side of the unit square into $n$ equal parts, and then connecting the vertices to the division points closest to the opposite vertices. Find the value of $n$ if the the area of the small square is exactly $\frac1{1985}$.

Solution

Problem 5

A sequence of integers $a_1, a_2, a_3, \ldots$ is chosen so that $a_n = a_{n - 1} - a_{n - 2}$ for each $n \ge 3$. What is the sum of the first 2001 terms of this sequence if the sum of the first 1492 terms is 1985, and the sum of the first 1985 terms is 1492?

Solution

Problem 6

As shown in the figure, triangle $ABC$ is divided into six smaller triangles by lines drawn from the vertices through a common interior point. The areas of four of these triangles are as indicated. Find the area of triangle $ABC$.


An image is supposed to go here. You can help us out by creating one and editing it in. Thanks.


Solution

Problem 7

Assume that $a$, $b$, $c$, and $d$ are positive integers such that $a^5 = b^4$, $c^3 = d^2$, and $c - a = 19$. Determine $d - b$.

Solution

Problem 8

The sum of the following seven numbers is exactly 19: $a_1 = 2.56$, $a_2 = 2.61$, $a_3 = 2.65$, $a_4 = 2.71$, $a_5 = 2.79$, $a_6 = 2.81$, $a_7 = 2.86$. It is desired to replace each $a_i$ by an integer approximation $A_i$, $1\le i \le 7$, so that the sum of the $A_i$'s is also 19 and so that $M$, the maximum of the "errors" $\| A_i-a_i\|$, the maximum absolute value of the difference, is as small as possible. For this minimum $M$, what is $100M$?

Solution

Problem 9

In a circle, parallel chords of lengths 2, 3, and 4 determine central angles of $\alpha$, $\beta$, and $\alpha + \beta$radians, respectively, where $\alpha + \beta < \pi$. If $\cos \alpha$, which is a positive rational number, is expressed as a fraction in lowest terms, what is the sum of its numerator and denominator?

Solution

Problem 10

How many of the first 1000 positive integers can be expressed in the form

$\lfloor 2x \rfloor + \lfloor 4x \rfloor + \lfloor 6x \rfloor + \lfloor 8x \rfloor$,

where $x$ is a real number, and $\lfloor z \rfloor$ denotes the greatest integer less than or equal to $z$?

Solution

Problem 11

An ellipse has foci at $(9, 20)$ and $(49, 55)$ in the $xy$-plane and is tangent to the $x$-axis. What is the length of its major axis?

Solution

Problem 12

Let $A$, $B$, $C$ and $D$ be the vertices of a regular tetrahedron each of whose edges measures 1 meter. A bug, starting from vertex $A$, observes the following rule: at each vertex it chooses one of the three edges meeting at that vertex, each edge being equally likely to be chosen, and crawls along that edge to the vertex at its opposite end. Let $p = \frac n{729}$ be the probability that the bug is at vertex $A$ when it has crawled exactly 7 meters. Find the value of $n$.

Solution

Problem 13

The numbers in the sequence $\displaystyle 101$, $\displaystyle 104$, $\displaystyle 109$, $\displaystyle 116$,$\displaystyle \ldots$ are of the form $\displaystyle a_n=100+n^2$, where $\displaystyle n=1,2,3,\ldots$ For each $\displaystyle n$, let $\displaystyle d_n$ be the greatest common divisor of $\displaystyle a_n$ and $\displaystyle a_{n+1}$. Find the maximum value of $\displaystyle d_n$ as $\displaystyle n$ ranges through the positive integers.

Solution

Problem 14

Solution

Problem 15

Solution

See also

Invalid username
Login to AoPS