Difference between revisions of "1985 AIME Problems/Problem 4"

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== Solution 1==
 
== Solution 1==
The lines passing through <math>A</math> and <math>C</math> divide the square into three parts, two [[right triangle]]s and a [[parallelogram]].  The area of the [[triangle]]s together is easily seen to be <math>n-\frac{1}{n}</math>, so the area of the parallelogram is <math>A = \frac{1}{n}</math>.  By the [[Pythagorean Theorem]], the base of the parallelogram has [[length]] <math>l = \sqrt{1^2 + \left(\frac{n - 1}{n}\right)^2} = \frac{1}{n}\sqrt{2n^2 - 2n + 1}</math>, so the parallelogram has height <math>h = \frac{A}{l} = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2n^2 - 2n + 1}}</math>.  But the height of the parallelogram is the side of the little square, so <math>2n^2 - 2n + 1 = 1985</math>.  Solving this [[quadratic equation]] gives <math>n = \boxed{032}</math>.
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The lines passing through <math>A</math> and <math>C</math> divide the square into three parts, two [[right triangle]]s and a [[parallelogram]].  Using the smaller side of the parallelogram, <math>1/n</math>, as the base, where the height is 1, we find that the area of the parallelogram is <math>A = \frac{1}{n}</math>.  By the [[Pythagorean Theorem]], the longer base of the parallelogram has [[length]] <math>l = \sqrt{1^2 + \left(\frac{n - 1}{n}\right)^2} = \frac{1}{n}\sqrt{2n^2 - 2n + 1}</math>, so the parallelogram has height <math>h = \frac{A}{l} = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2n^2 - 2n + 1}}</math>.  But the height of the parallelogram is the side of the little square, so <math>2n^2 - 2n + 1 = 1985</math>.  Solving this [[quadratic equation]] gives <math>n = \boxed{032}</math>.
  
 
==Solution 2==
 
==Solution 2==

Revision as of 02:18, 16 May 2014

Problem

A small square is constructed inside a square of area 1 by dividing each side of the unit square into $n$ equal parts, and then connecting the vertices to the division points closest to the opposite vertices. Find the value of $n$ if the the area of the small square is exactly $\frac1{1985}$.

AIME 1985 Problem 4.png

Solution 1

The lines passing through $A$ and $C$ divide the square into three parts, two right triangles and a parallelogram. Using the smaller side of the parallelogram, $1/n$, as the base, where the height is 1, we find that the area of the parallelogram is $A = \frac{1}{n}$. By the Pythagorean Theorem, the longer base of the parallelogram has length $l = \sqrt{1^2 + \left(\frac{n - 1}{n}\right)^2} = \frac{1}{n}\sqrt{2n^2 - 2n + 1}$, so the parallelogram has height $h = \frac{A}{l} = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2n^2 - 2n + 1}}$. But the height of the parallelogram is the side of the little square, so $2n^2 - 2n + 1 = 1985$. Solving this quadratic equation gives $n = \boxed{032}$.

Solution 2

Aime.png

Surrounding the square with area $\frac{1}{1985}$ are $4$ right triangles with hypotenuse $1$ (sides of the large square). Thus, $X + \frac{1}{1985} = 1$, where $X$ is the area of the of the 4 triangles. We can thus use proportions to solve this problem.

$\begin{eqnarray*} \frac{GF}{BE}=\frac{CG}{CB}\implies \frac{\frac{1}{\sqrt{1985}}}{BE}=\frac{\frac{1}{n}}{1}\implies BE=\frac{n\sqrt{1985}}{1985}$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Missing \endgroup inserted.)

Also,

$\begin{eqnarray*} \frac{BE}{1}=\frac{EC}{\frac{n-1}{n}}\implies EC=\frac{\sqrt{1985}}{1985}(n-1)$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Missing \endgroup inserted.)

Thus,

$\begin{eqnarray*} 2(BE)(EC)+\frac{1}{1985}=1\\ 2n^{2}-2n+1=1985\\ n(n-1)=992$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Missing \endgroup inserted.)

Simple factorization and guess and check gives us $\boxed{032}$.

See also

1985 AIME (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 3
Followed by
Problem 5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
All AIME Problems and Solutions
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