Difference between revisions of "1985 IMO Problems/Problem 1"
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We use the notation of the previous solution. Let <math>X</math> be the point on the ray <math>AD</math> such that <math>AX = AO</math>. We note that <math>OF = OG = r </math>; <math> \angle OFC = \angle OGX = \frac{\pi}{2} </math>; and <math> \angle FCO = \angle GXO = \frac{\pi - \angle BAD}{2}</math>; hence the triangles <math>OFC, OGX</math> are congruent; hence <math>GX = FC = CE </math> and <math>AO = AG + GX = AG + CE</math>. Similarly, <math>OB = EB + GD </math>. Therefore <math>AO + OB = AG + GD + CE + EB </math>, Q.E.D. | We use the notation of the previous solution. Let <math>X</math> be the point on the ray <math>AD</math> such that <math>AX = AO</math>. We note that <math>OF = OG = r </math>; <math> \angle OFC = \angle OGX = \frac{\pi}{2} </math>; and <math> \angle FCO = \angle GXO = \frac{\pi - \angle BAD}{2}</math>; hence the triangles <math>OFC, OGX</math> are congruent; hence <math>GX = FC = CE </math> and <math>AO = AG + GX = AG + CE</math>. Similarly, <math>OB = EB + GD </math>. Therefore <math>AO + OB = AG + GD + CE + EB </math>, Q.E.D. | ||
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+ | ===Possible solution, maybe bogus?=== | ||
+ | The only way for AD and BC to be tangent to circle O and have AB pass through O is if <math>\angle{CBA}</math> and <math>\angle{DAB}</math> are both 90. But since ABCD is cyclic, the other angles must be 90 as well. Now call the point of tangency of CD E, and since AO=EO, AEOD is a square. Similarily, BCEO is a square, too, so DA=AO and CB=BO. Therefore, AD+BC=AB. | ||
Revision as of 12:34, 3 April 2018
Contents
Problem
A circle has center on the side of the cyclic quadrilateral . The other three sides are tangent to the circle. Prove that .
Solutions
Solution 1
Let be the center of the circle mentioned in the problem. Let be the second intersection of the circumcircle of with . By measures of arcs, . It follows that . Likewise, , so , as desired.
Solution 2
Let be the center of the circle mentioned in the problem, and let be the point on such that . Then , so is a cyclic quadrilateral and is in fact the of the previous solution. The conclusion follows.
Solution 3
Let the circle have center and radius , and let its points of tangency with be , respectively. Since is clearly a cyclic quadrilateral, the angle is equal to half the angle . Then
Likewise, . It follows that
,
Q.E.D.
Solution 4
We use the notation of the previous solution. Let be the point on the ray such that . We note that ; ; and ; hence the triangles are congruent; hence and . Similarly, . Therefore , Q.E.D.
Possible solution, maybe bogus?
The only way for AD and BC to be tangent to circle O and have AB pass through O is if and are both 90. But since ABCD is cyclic, the other angles must be 90 as well. Now call the point of tangency of CD E, and since AO=EO, AEOD is a square. Similarily, BCEO is a square, too, so DA=AO and CB=BO. Therefore, AD+BC=AB.
Alternate solutions are always welcome. If you have a different, elegant solution to this problem, please add it to this page.
Observations Observe by take , on extended and
1985 IMO (Problems) • Resources | ||
Preceded by First question |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 | Followed by Problem 2 |
All IMO Problems and Solutions |