1986 AJHSME Problems

Revision as of 19:34, 10 March 2015 by Mathgeek2006 (talk | contribs) (Problem 8)

Problem 1

In July 1861, $366$ inches of rain fell in Cherrapunji, India. What was the average rainfall in inches per hour during that month?

$\text{(A)}\ \frac{366}{31\times 24}$

$\text{(B)}\ \frac{366\times 31}{24}$

$\text{(C)}\ \frac{366\times 24}{31}$

$\text{(D)}\ \frac{31\times 24}{366}$

$\text{(E)}\  366\times 31\times 24$

Solution

Problem 2

Which of the following numbers has the largest reciprocal?

$\text{(A)}\ \frac{1}{3} \qquad \text{(B)}\ \frac{2}{5} \qquad \text{(C)}\ 1 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 5 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 1986$

Solution

Problem 3

The smallest sum one could get by adding three different numbers from the set $\{ 7,25,-1,12,-3 \}$ is

$\text{(A)}\ -3 \qquad \text{(B)}\ -1 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 3 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 5 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 21$

Solution

Problem 4

The product $(1.8)(40.3+.07)$ is closest to

$\text{(A)}\ 7 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 42 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 74 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 84 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 737$

Solution

Problem 5

A contest began at noon one day and ended $1000$ minutes later. At what time did the contest end?

$\text{(A)}\ \text{10:00 p.m.} \qquad \text{(B)}\ \text{midnight} \qquad \text{(C)}\ \text{2:30 a.m.} \qquad \text{(D)}\ \text{4:40 a.m.} \qquad \text{(E)}\ \text{6:40 a.m.}$

Solution

Problem 6

$\frac{2}{1-\frac{2}{3}}=$

$\text{(A)}\ -3 \qquad \text{(B)}\ -\frac{4}{3} \qquad \text{(C)}\ \frac{2}{3} \qquad \text{(D)}\ 2 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 6$

Solution

Problem 7

How many whole numbers are between $\sqrt{8}$ and $\sqrt{80}$?

$\text{(A)}\ 5 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 6 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 7 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 8 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 9$

Solution

Problem 8

In the product shown, $\text{B}$ is a digit. The value of $\text{B}$ is

\[\begin{array}{rr} &\text{B}2 \\ \times &7\text{B} \\ \hline &6396 \\ \end{array}\]

$\text{(A)}\ 3 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 5 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 6 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 7 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 8$

Solution

Problem 9

Using only the paths and the directions shown, how many different routes are there from $\text{M}$ to $\text{N}$?

[asy] draw((0,0)--(3,0),MidArrow); draw((3,0)--(6,0),MidArrow); draw(6*dir(60)--3*dir(60),MidArrow); draw(3*dir(60)--(0,0),MidArrow); draw(3*dir(60)--(3,0),MidArrow); draw(5.1961524227066318805823390245176*dir(30)--(6,0),MidArrow); draw(6*dir(60)--5.1961524227066318805823390245176*dir(30),MidArrow); draw(5.1961524227066318805823390245176*dir(30)--3*dir(60),MidArrow); draw(5.1961524227066318805823390245176*dir(30)--(3,0),MidArrow); label("M",6*dir(60),N); label("N",(6,0),SE); label("A",3*dir(60),NW); label("B",5.1961524227066318805823390245176*dir(30),NE); label("C",(3,0),S); label("D",(0,0),SW); [/asy]

$\text{(A)}\ 2 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 3 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 4 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 5 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 6$

Solution

Problem 10

A picture $3$ feet across is hung in the center of a wall that is $19$ feet wide. How many feet from the end of the wall is the nearest edge of the picture?

$\text{(A)}\ 1\frac{1}{2} \qquad \text{(B)}\ 8 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 9\frac{1}{2} \qquad \text{(D)}\ 16 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 22$

Solution

Problem 11

If $\text{A}*\text{B}$ means $\frac{\text{A}+\text{B}}{2}$, then $(3*5)*8$ is

$\text{(A)}\ 6 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 8 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 12 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 16\qquad \text{(E)}\ 30$

Solution

Problem 12

The table below displays the grade distribution of the $30$ students in a mathematics class on the last two tests. For example, exactly one student received a 'D' on Test 1 and a 'C' on Test 2 (see circled entry). What percent of the students received the same grade on both tests?

[asy] draw((2,0)--(7,0)--(7,5)--(2,5)--cycle); draw((3,0)--(3,5)); draw((4,0)--(4,5)); draw((5,0)--(5,5)); draw((6,0)--(6,5)); draw((2,1)--(7,1)); draw((2,2)--(7,2)); draw((2,3)--(7,3)); draw((2,4)--(7,4)); draw((.2,6.8)--(1.8,5.2)); draw(circle((4.5,1.5),.5),linewidth(.6 mm)); label("0",(2.5,.2),N); label("0",(3.5,.2),N); label("2",(4.5,.2),N); label("1",(5.5,.2),N); label("0",(6.5,.2),N); label("0",(2.5,1.2),N); label("0",(3.5,1.2),N); label("1",(4.5,1.2),N); label("1",(5.5,1.2),N); label("1",(6.5,1.2),N); label("1",(2.5,2.2),N); label("3",(3.5,2.2),N); label("5",(4.5,2.2),N); label("2",(5.5,2.2),N); label("0",(6.5,2.2),N); label("1",(2.5,3.2),N); label("4",(3.5,3.2),N); label("3",(4.5,3.2),N); label("0",(5.5,3.2),N); label("0",(6.5,3.2),N); label("2",(2.5,4.2),N); label("2",(3.5,4.2),N); label("1",(4.5,4.2),N); label("0",(5.5,4.2),N); label("0",(6.5,4.2),N); label("F",(1.5,.2),N); label("D",(1.5,1.2),N); label("C",(1.5,2.2),N); label("B",(1.5,3.2),N); label("A",(1.5,4.2),N); label("A",(2.5,5.2),N); label("B",(3.5,5.2),N); label("C",(4.5,5.2),N); label("D",(5.5,5.2),N); label("F",(6.5,5.2),N); label("Test 1",(-.5,5.2),N); label("Test 2",(2.6,6),N); [/asy]

$\text{(A)}\ 12\% \qquad \text{(B)}\ 25\% \qquad \text{(C)}\ 33\frac{1}{3}\% \qquad \text{(D)}\ 40\% \qquad \text{(E)}\ 50\%$

Solution

Problem 13

The perimeter of the polygon shown is

[asy] draw((0,0)--(0,6)--(8,6)--(8,3)--(2.7,3)--(2.7,0)--cycle); label("$6$",(0,3),W); label("$8$",(4,6),N); draw((0.5,0)--(0.5,0.5)--(0,0.5)); draw((0.5,6)--(0.5,5.5)--(0,5.5)); draw((7.5,6)--(7.5,5.5)--(8,5.5)); draw((7.5,3)--(7.5,3.5)--(8,3.5)); draw((2.2,0)--(2.2,0.5)--(2.7,0.5)); draw((2.7,2.5)--(3.2,2.5)--(3.2,3)); [/asy]

$\text{(A)}\ 14 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 20 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 28 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 48$

$\text{(E)}\ \text{cannot be determined from the information given}$

Solution

Problem 14

If $200\leq a \leq 400$ and $600\leq b\leq 1200$, then the largest value of the quotient $\frac{b}{a}$ is

$\text{(A)}\ \frac{3}{2} \qquad \text{(B)}\ 3 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 6 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 300 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 600$

Solution

Problem 15

Sale prices at the Ajax Outlet Store are $50\%$ below original prices. On Saturdays an additional discount of $20\%$ off the sale price is given. What is the Saturday price of a coat whose original price is <dollar/>$180$?

$\text{(A)}$ <dollar/>$54$

$\text{(B)}$ <dollar/>$72$

$\text{(C)}$ <dollar/>$90$

$\text{(D)}$ <dollar/>$108$

$\text{(D)}$ <dollar/>$110$

Solution

Problem 16

A bar graph shows the number of hamburgers sold by a fast food chain each season. However, the bar indicating the number sold during the winter is covered by a smudge. If exactly $25\%$ of the chain's hamburgers are sold in the fall, how many million hamburgers are sold in the winter?

[asy] size(250);  void bargraph(real X, real Y, real ymin, real ymax, real ystep, real tickwidth,  string yformat, Label LX, Label LY, Label[] LLX, real[] height,pen p=nullpen) { draw((0,0)--(0,Y),EndArrow); draw((0,0)--(X,0),EndArrow); label(LX,(X,0),plain.SE,fontsize(9)); label(LY,(0,Y),plain.NW,fontsize(9)); real yscale=Y/(ymax+ystep);  for(real y=ymin; y<ymax; y+=ystep) { draw((-tickwidth,yscale*y)--(0,yscale*y)); label(format(yformat,y),(-tickwidth,yscale*y),plain.W,fontsize(9)); }  int n=LLX.length; real xscale=X/(2*n+2); for(int i=0;i<n;++i) { real x=xscale*(2*i+1); path P=(x,0)--(x,height[i]*yscale)--(x+xscale,height[i]*yscale)--(x+xscale,0)--cycle; fill(P,p); draw(P); label(LLX[i],(x+xscale/2),plain.S,fontsize(10)); } for(int i=0;i<n;++i) draw((0,height[i]*yscale)--(X,height[i]*yscale),dashed); }  string yf="%#.1f"; Label[] LX={"Spring","Summer","Fall","Winter"}; for(int i=0;i<LX.length;++i) LX[i]=rotate(90)*LX[i]; real[] H={4.5,5,4,4};  bargraph(60,50,1,5.1,0.5,2,yf,"season","hamburgers (millions)",LX,H,yellow); fill(ellipse((45,30),7,10),brown); [/asy]

$\text{(A)}\ 2.5 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 3 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 3.5 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 4 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 4.5$

Solution

Problem 17

Let $\text{o}$ be an odd whole number and let $\text{n}$ be any whole number. Which of the following statements about the whole number $(\text{o}^2+\text{no})$ is always true?

$\text{(A)}\ \text{it is always odd} \qquad \text{(B)}\ \text{it is always even}$

$\text{(C)}\ \text{it is even only if n is even} \qquad \text{(D)}\ \text{it is odd only if n is odd}$

$\text{(E)}\ \text{it is odd only if n is even}$

Solution

Problem 18

A rectangular grazing area is to be fenced off on three sides using part of a $100$ meter rock wall as the fourth side. Fence posts are to be placed every $12$ meters along the fence including the two posts where the fence meets the rock wall. What is the fewest number of posts required to fence an area $36$ m by $60$ m?

[asy] draw((0,0)--(16,12)); draw((5.33333,4)--(10.66666,8)--(6.66666,13.33333)--(1.33333,9.33333)--cycle); label("WALL",(7,4),SE); [/asy]

$\text{(A)}\ 11 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 12 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 13 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 14 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 16$

Solution

Problem 19

At the beginning of a trip, the mileage odometer read $56,200$ miles. The driver filled the gas tank with $6$ gallons of gasoline. During the trip, the driver filled his tank again with $12$ gallons of gasoline when the odometer read $56,560$. At the end of the trip, the driver filled his tank again with $20$ gallons of gasoline. The odometer read $57,060$. To the nearest tenth, what was the car's average miles-per-gallon for the entire trip?

$\text{(A)}\ 22.5 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 22.6 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 24.0 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 26.9 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 27.5$

Solution

Problem 20

The value of the expression $\frac{(304)^5}{(29.7)(399)^4}$ is closest to

$\text{(A)}\ .003 \qquad \text{(B)}\ .03 \qquad \text{(C)}\ .3 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 3 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 30$

Solution

Problem 21

Suppose one of the eight lettered identical squares is included with the four squares in the T-shaped figure outlined. How many of the resulting figures can be folded into a topless cubical box?

[asy] draw((1,0)--(2,0)--(2,5)--(1,5)--cycle); draw((0,1)--(3,1)--(3,4)--(0,4)--cycle); draw((0,2)--(4,2)--(4,3)--(0,3)--cycle); draw((1,1)--(2,1)--(2,2)--(3,2)--(3,3)--(2,3)--(2,4)--(1,4)--cycle,linewidth(.7 mm)); label("A",(1.5,4.2),N); label("B",(.5,3.2),N); label("C",(2.5,3.2),N); label("D",(.5,2.2),N); label("E",(3.5,2.2),N); label("F",(.5,1.2),N); label("G",(2.5,1.2),N); label("H",(1.5,.2),N); [/asy]

$\text{(A)}\ 2 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 3 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 4 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 5 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 6$

Solution

Problem 22

Alan, Beth, Carlos, and Diana were discussing their possible grades in mathematics class this grading period. Alan said, "If I get an A, then Beth will get an A." Beth said, "If I get an A, then Carlos will get an A." Carlos said, "If I get an A, then Diana will get an A." All of these statements were true, but only two of the students received an A. Which two received A's?

$\text{(A)}\ \text{Alan, Beth} \qquad \text{(B)}\ \text{Beth, Carlos} \qquad \text{(C)}\ \text{Carlos, Diana}$

$\text{(D)}\ \text{Alan, Diana} \qquad \text{(E)}\ \text{Beth, Diana}$

Solution

Problem 23

The large circle has diameter $\text{AC}$. The two small circles have their centers on $\text{AC}$ and just touch at $\text{O}$, the center of the large circle. If each small circle has radius $1$, what is the value of the ratio of the area of the shaded region to the area of one of the small circles?

[asy] pair A=(-2,0), O=origin, C=(2,0); path X=Arc(O,2,0,180), Y=Arc((-1,0),1,180,0), Z=Arc((1,0),1,180,0), M=X..Y..Z..cycle; filldraw(M, black, black); draw(reflect(A,C)*M); draw(A--C, dashed);  label("A",A,W); label("C",C,E); label("O",O,SE); dot((-1,0)); dot(O); dot((1,0)); label("$1$",(-.5,0),N); label("$1$",(1.5,0),N); [/asy]

$\text{(A)}\ \text{between }\frac{1}{2}\text{ and 1} \qquad \text{(B)}\ 1 \qquad \text{(C)}\ \text{between 1 and }\frac{3}{2}$

$\text{(D)}\ \text{between }\frac{3}{2}\text{ and 2} \qquad \text{(E)}\ \text{cannot be determined from the information given}$

Solution

Problem 24

The $600$ students at King Middle School are divided into three groups of equal size for lunch. Each group has lunch at a different time. A computer randomly assigns each student to one of three lunch groups. The probability that three friends, Al, Bob, and Carol, will be assigned to the same lunch group is approximately

$\text{(A)}\ \frac{1}{27} \qquad \text{(B)}\ \frac{1}{9} \qquad \text{(C)}\ \frac{1}{8} \qquad \text{(D)}\ \frac{1}{6} \qquad \text{(E)}\ \frac{1}{3}$

Solution

Problem 25

Which of the following sets of whole numbers has the largest average?

$\text{(A)}\ \text{multiples of 2 between 1 and 101} \qquad \text{(B)}\ \text{multiples of 3 between 1 and 101}$

$\text{(C)}\ \text{multiples of 4 between 1 and 101} \qquad \text{(D)}\ \text{multiples of 5 between 1 and 101}$

$\text{(E)}\ \text{multiples of 6 between 1 and 101}$

Solution

See Also

1986 AJHSME (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
1985 AJHSME
Followed by
1987 AJHSME
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions

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