Difference between revisions of "1986 AJHSME Problems/Problem 24"

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(Solution 2)
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<math>\text{(A)}\ \frac{1}{27} \qquad \text{(B)}\ \frac{1}{9} \qquad \text{(C)}\ \frac{1}{8} \qquad \text{(D)}\ \frac{1}{6} \qquad \text{(E)}\ \frac{1}{3}</math>
 
<math>\text{(A)}\ \frac{1}{27} \qquad \text{(B)}\ \frac{1}{9} \qquad \text{(C)}\ \frac{1}{8} \qquad \text{(D)}\ \frac{1}{6} \qquad \text{(E)}\ \frac{1}{3}</math>
  
==Solution==
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==Solution 1==
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There are <math>\binom{3}{1}</math> ways to choose which group the three kids are in and the chance that all three are in the same group is <math>\frac{1}{27}</math>. Hence <math>\frac{1}{9}</math> or <math>\boxed {B}</math>.
  
Imagine that we run the computer many times. In roughly <math>1/3</math> of all cases, Bob will be assigned to the same group as Al was. Out of these, in roughly <math>1/3</math> cases Carol will be assigned to the same group as her friends. Thus the probability that all three are in the same group is <math>\frac{1}{3}\cdot \frac{1}{3} = \frac{1}{9}</math>, or <math>\boxed{\text{B}}</math>.
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==Solution 2==
 
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One of the statements, that there are <math>600</math> students in the school is redundant. Taking that there are <math>3</math> students and there are <math>3</math> groups, we can easily deduce there are <math>81</math> ways to group the <math>3</math> students, and there are <math>3</math> ways to group them in the same <math>1</math> group, so we might think <math>\frac{3}{54}=\frac{1}{27}</math> is the answer but as there are 3 groups we do <math>\frac{1}{27} (3)=\frac{1}{9}</math> which is <math>\boxed{\text{(B)}}</math>.
(The exact value is <math>\frac{199}{599} \cdot \frac{198}{598}</math>, which is <math>\sim 0.11\%</math> less than our approximate answer.)
 
 
 
There are <math>3C1</math> ways to choose which group the three kids are in and the chance that all three are in the same group is <math>\frac{1}{27}</math>. Hence <math>\frac{1}{9}</math> or <math>\boxed {B}</math>.
 
  
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==
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[[Category:Introductory Probability Problems]]
 
[[Category:Introductory Probability Problems]]
 
[[Category:Introductory Combinatorics Problems]]
 
[[Category:Introductory Combinatorics Problems]]
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{{MAA Notice}}

Revision as of 00:15, 29 November 2020

Problem

The $600$ students at King Middle School are divided into three groups of equal size for lunch. Each group has lunch at a different time. A computer randomly assigns each student to one of three lunch groups. The probability that three friends, Al, Bob, and Carol, will be assigned to the same lunch group is approximately

$\text{(A)}\ \frac{1}{27} \qquad \text{(B)}\ \frac{1}{9} \qquad \text{(C)}\ \frac{1}{8} \qquad \text{(D)}\ \frac{1}{6} \qquad \text{(E)}\ \frac{1}{3}$

Solution 1

There are $\binom{3}{1}$ ways to choose which group the three kids are in and the chance that all three are in the same group is $\frac{1}{27}$. Hence $\frac{1}{9}$ or $\boxed {B}$.

Solution 2

One of the statements, that there are $600$ students in the school is redundant. Taking that there are $3$ students and there are $3$ groups, we can easily deduce there are $81$ ways to group the $3$ students, and there are $3$ ways to group them in the same $1$ group, so we might think $\frac{3}{54}=\frac{1}{27}$ is the answer but as there are 3 groups we do $\frac{1}{27} (3)=\frac{1}{9}$ which is $\boxed{\text{(B)}}$.

See Also

1986 AJHSME (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 23
Followed by
Problem 25
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions

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