Difference between revisions of "1988 AIME Problems/Problem 7"
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− | Let <math>D</math> be the intersection of the [[altitude]] | + | Let <math>D</math> be the intersection of the [[altitude]] with <math>\overline{BC}</math>, and <math>h</math> be the length of the altitude. [[Without loss of generality]], let <math>BD = 17</math> and <math>CD = 3</math>. Then <math>\tan \angle DAB = \frac{17}{h}</math> and <math>\tan \angle CAD = \frac{3}{h}</math>. Using the [[Trigonometric_identities#Angle_Addition.2FSubtraction_Identities|tangent sum formula]], |
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Revision as of 01:41, 6 June 2014
Problem
In triangle , , and the altitude from divides into segments of length 3 and 17. What is the area of triangle ?
Solution
Let be the intersection of the altitude with , and be the length of the altitude. Without loss of generality, let and . Then and . Using the tangent sum formula,
$\begin{eqnarray*} \tan CAB &=& \tan (DAB + CAD)\\ \frac{22}{7} &=& \frac{\tan DAB + \tan CAD}{1 - \tan DAB \cdot \tan CAD} \\ &=& \frac{\frac{17}{h} + \frac{3}{h}}{1 - \left(\frac{17}{h}\right)\left(\frac{3}{h}\right)} \\ \frac{22}{7} &=& \frac{20h}{h^2 - 51}\\ 0 &=& 22h^2 - 140h - 22 \cdot 51\\ 0 &=& (11h + 51)(h - 11)
\end{eqnarray*}$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Missing \endgroup inserted.)The postive value of , so the area is .
See also
1988 AIME (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 6 |
Followed by Problem 8 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 | ||
All AIME Problems and Solutions |
The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions.