Difference between revisions of "1989 AHSME Problems/Problem 16"

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If <math>t</math> is an integer, the <math>y</math>-coordinate of this point is an integer if and only if <math>t</math> is a multiple of 15. The points where <math>t</math> is a multiple of 15 on the segment <math>3\leq x\leq 48</math> are <math>3</math>, <math>3+15</math>, <math>3+30</math>, and <math>3+45</math>. There are 4 lattice points on this line. Hence the answer <math>\textbf{(B)}</math>.
 
If <math>t</math> is an integer, the <math>y</math>-coordinate of this point is an integer if and only if <math>t</math> is a multiple of 15. The points where <math>t</math> is a multiple of 15 on the segment <math>3\leq x\leq 48</math> are <math>3</math>, <math>3+15</math>, <math>3+30</math>, and <math>3+45</math>. There are 4 lattice points on this line. Hence the answer <math>\textbf{(B)}</math>.
  
== See also ==
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== seeee allso ==
 
{{AHSME box|year=1989|num-b=15|num-a=17}}   
 
{{AHSME box|year=1989|num-b=15|num-a=17}}   
  
 
[[Category: Introductory Number Theory Problems]]
 
[[Category: Introductory Number Theory Problems]]
 
{{MAA Notice}}
 
{{MAA Notice}}

Revision as of 20:54, 21 January 2019

Problem

A lattice point is a point in the plane with integer coordinates. How many lattice points are on the line segment whose endpoints are $(3,17)$ and $(48,281)$? (Include both endpoints of the segment in your count.)

$\textbf{(A)}\ 2\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 4\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 6\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 16\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 46$

Solution

The difference in the $y$-coordinates is $281 - 17 = 264$, and the difference in the $x$-coordinates is $48 - 3 = 45$. The gcd of 264 and 45 is 3, so the line segment joining $(3,17)$ and $(48,281)$ has slope \[\frac{88}{15}.\] The points on the line have coordinates \[\left(3+t,17+\frac{88}{15}t\right).\] If $t$ is an integer, the $y$-coordinate of this point is an integer if and only if $t$ is a multiple of 15. The points where $t$ is a multiple of 15 on the segment $3\leq x\leq 48$ are $3$, $3+15$, $3+30$, and $3+45$. There are 4 lattice points on this line. Hence the answer $\textbf{(B)}$.

seeee allso

1989 AHSME (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 15
Followed by
Problem 17
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