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# Difference between revisions of "1991 AHSME Problems/Problem 9"

## Problem

From time $t=0$ to time $t=1$ a population increased by $i\%$, and from time $t=1$ to time $t=2$ the population increased by $j\%$. Therefore, from time $t=0$ to time $t=2$ the population increased by

$\text{(A) (i+j)\%} \quad \text{(B) } ij\%\quad \text{(C) } (i+ij)\%\quad \text{(D) } \left(i+j+\frac{ij}{100}\right)\%\quad \text{(E) } \left(i+j+\frac{i+j}{100}\right)\%$

## Solution

$\fbox{D}$ The scale factors for the increases are $1+\frac{i}{100}$ and $1+\frac{j}{100}$, so the overall scale factor is $(1+\frac{i}{100})(1+\frac{j}{100}) = 1 + \frac{i}{100} + \frac{j}{100} + \frac{ij}{100^2}$. To convert this to a percentage, we subtract 1 and then multiply by 100, giving $i + j + \frac{ij}{100}.$