Difference between revisions of "1991 AIME Problems/Problem 1"
Olympushero (talk | contribs) m (→Solution 4) |
Justin6688 (talk | contribs) (→Solution 2) |
||
Line 11: | Line 11: | ||
=== Solution 2 === | === Solution 2 === | ||
− | Since <math>xy + x + y + 1 = 72</math>, this can be factored to <math>(x + 1)(y + 1) = 72</math>. As <math>x</math> and <math>y</math> are [[integer]]s, the possible sets for <math>(x,y)</math> (ignoring cases where <math>x > y</math> since it is symmetrical) are <math>(1, 35),\ (2, 23),\ (3, 17),\ (5, 11),\ (7,8)</math>. The second equation factors to <math>(x + y)xy = 880 = 2^4 \cdot 5 \cdot 11</math>. The only set with a factor of <math>11</math> is <math>(5,11)</math>, and checking shows that it is | + | Since <math>xy + x + y + 1 = 72</math>, this can be factored to <math>(x + 1)(y + 1) = 72</math>. As <math>x</math> and <math>y</math> are [[integer]]s, the possible sets for <math>(x,y)</math> (ignoring cases where <math>x > y</math> since it is symmetrical) are <math>(1, 35),\ (2, 23),\ (3, 17),\ (5, 11),\ (7,8)</math>. The second equation factors to <math>(x + y)xy = 880 = 2^4 \cdot 5 \cdot 11</math>. The only set with a factor of <math>11</math> is <math>(5,11)</math>, and checking shows that it is correct. |
− | |||
=== Solution 3 === | === Solution 3 === |
Revision as of 08:15, 21 July 2020
Problem
Find if and are positive integers such that
Contents
Solution
Solution 1
Define and . Then and . Solving these two equations yields a quadratic: , which factors to . Either and or and . For the first case, it is easy to see that can be (or vice versa). In the second case, since all factors of must be , no two factors of can sum greater than , and so there are no integral solutions for . The solution is .
Solution 2
Since , this can be factored to . As and are integers, the possible sets for (ignoring cases where since it is symmetrical) are . The second equation factors to . The only set with a factor of is , and checking shows that it is correct.
Solution 3
Let , then we get the equations After finding the prime factorization of , it's easy to obtain the solution . Thus Note that if , the answer would exceed which is invalid for an AIME answer. ~ Nafer
Solution 4
From the first equation, we know . We factor the second equation as . Let and rearranging we get . We have two cases: (1) and OR (2) and . We find the former is true for . .
See also
1991 AIME (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by First question |
Followed by Problem 2 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 | ||
All AIME Problems and Solutions |
The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions.