1991 AIME Problems/Problem 7

Revision as of 10:59, 1 August 2017 by Alevini98 (talk | contribs) (Solution)

Problem

Find $A^2_{}$, where $A^{}_{}$ is the sum of the absolute values of all roots of the following equation:

$x = \sqrt{19} + \frac{91}{{\sqrt{19}+\frac{91}{{\sqrt{19}+\frac{91}{{\sqrt{19}+\frac{91}{{\sqrt{19}+\frac{91}{x}}}}}}}}}$

Solution

Let $f(x) = \sqrt{19} + \frac{91}{x}$. Then $x = f(f(f(f(f(x)))))$, from which we realize that $f(x) = x$. This is because if we expand the entire expression, we will get a fraction of the form $\frac{ax + b}{cx + d}$ on the right hand side, which makes the equation simplify to a quadratic. As this quadratic will have two roots, they must be the same roots as the quadratic $f(x)=x$.

The given finite expansion can then be easily seen to reduce to the quadratic equation $x_{}^{2}-\sqrt{19}x-91=0$. The solutions are $x_{\pm}^{}=$$\frac{\sqrt{19}\pm\sqrt{383}}{2}$. Therefore, $A_{}^{}=\vert x_{+}\vert+\vert x_{-}\vert=\sqrt{383}$. We conclude that $A_{}^{2}=383$.

Solution 2

$x=\sqrt{19}+\underbrace{\frac{91}{\sqrt{19}+\frac{91}{\sqrt{19}+\frac{91}{\sqrt{19}+\frac{91}{\sqrt{19}+\frac{91}{x}}}}}}_{x}$


$x=\sqrt{19}+\frac{91}{x}$

$x^2=x\sqrt{19}+91$

$x^2-x\sqrt{19}-91$

$\left.\begin{array}{l}x_1=\frac{\sqrt{19}+\sqrt{383}}{2}\\\\x_2=\frac{\sqrt{19}-\sqrt{383}}{2}\end{array}\right\}A=|x_1|+|x_2|\Rightarrow\sqrt{383}$

$\boxed{A^2=383}$

See also

1991 AIME (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 6
Followed by
Problem 8
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
All AIME Problems and Solutions

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