1992 AHSME Problems/Problem 27

Revision as of 09:51, 1 August 2016 by Rocketscience (talk | contribs) (Solution)

Problem

A circle of radius $r$ has chords $\overline{AB}$ of length $10$ and $\overline{CD}$ of length 7. When $\overline{AB}$ and $\overline{CD}$ are extended through $B$ and $C$, respectively, they intersect at $P$, which is outside of the circle. If $\angle{APD}=60^\circ$ and $BP=8$, then $r^2=$

$\text{(A) } 70\quad \text{(B) } 71\quad \text{(C) } 72\quad \text{(D) } 73\quad \text{(E) } 74$

Solution

Applying Power of a Point on $P$, we find that $PC=9$ and thus $PD=16$. Observing that $PD=2BP$ and that $\angle BPD=60^{\circ}$, we conclude that $BPD$ is a 30-60-90 right triangle with right angle at $B$. Thus, $BD=8\sqrt{3}$ and triangle $ABD$ is also right. Using that fact that the circumcircle of a right triangle has its diameter equal to the hypotenuse, we compute using the Pythagorean Theorem $AD=2r=2\sqrt{73}$. From here we see that $r^2=73$. The answer is thus $\fbox{D}$.

See also

1992 AHSME (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 26
Followed by
Problem 28
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