1994 AHSME Problems/Problem 28

Revision as of 02:49, 28 May 2021 by Logsobolev (talk | contribs) (Solution)

Problem

In the $xy$-plane, how many lines whose $x$-intercept is a positive prime number and whose $y$-intercept is a positive integer pass through the point $(4,3)$?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 0 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 1 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 2 \qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 3 \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 4$

Solution

The line with $x$-intercept $a$ and $y$-intercept $b$ is given by the equation $\frac{x}{a} + \frac{y}{b} = 1$. We are told $(4,3)$ is on the line so

\[\frac{4}{a} + \frac{3}{b} = 1 \implies ab - 4b - 3a = 0 \implies (a-4)(b-3)=12\]

Since $a$ and $b$ are integers, this equation holds only if $(a-4)$ is a factor of $12$. The factors are $1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 12$ which means $a$ must be one of $5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 16$. The only members of this list which are prime are $a=5$ and $a=6$, so the number of solutions is $\boxed{\textbf{(C) } 2}$.

See Also

1994 AHSME (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 27
Followed by
Problem 29
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
All AHSME Problems and Solutions

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. AMC logo.png

See Also

1994 AHSME (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 27
Followed by
Problem 29
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
All AHSME Problems and Solutions

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. AMC logo.png

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