# 1995 AIME Problems

## Problem 1

Square $\displaystyle S_{1}$ is $1\times 1.$ For $i\ge 1,$ the lengths of the sides of square $\displaystyle S_{i+1}$ are half the lengths of the sides of square $\displaystyle S_{i},$ two adjacent sides of square $\displaystyle S_{i}$ are perpendicular bisectors of two adjacent sides of square $\displaystyle S_{i+1},$ and the other two sides of square $\displaystyle S_{i+1},$ are the perpendicular bisectors of two adjacent sides of square $\displaystyle S_{i+2}.$ The total area enclosed by at least one of $\displaystyle S_{1}, S_{2}, S_{3}, S_{4}, S_{5}$ can be written in the form $\displaystyle m/n,$ where $\displaystyle m$ and $\displaystyle n$ are relatively prime positive integers. Find $\displaystyle m-n.$

## Problem 2

Find the last three digits of the product of the positive roots of $\sqrt{1995}x^{\log_{1995}x}=x^2.$

## Problem 3

Starting at $\displaystyle (0,0),$ an object moves in the coordinate plane via a sequence of steps, each of length one. Each step is left, right, up, or down, all four equally likely. Let $\displaystyle p$ be the probability that the object reaches $\displaystyle (2,2)$ in six or fewer steps. Given that $\displaystyle p$ can be written in the form $\displaystyle m/n,$ where $\displaystyle m$ and $\displaystyle n$ are relatively prime positive integers, find $\displaystyle m+n.$

## Problem 4

Circles of radius $\displaystyle 3$ and $\displaystyle 6$ are externally tangent to each other and are internally tangent to a circle of radius $\displaystyle 9$. The circle of radius $\displaystyle 9$ has a chord that is a common external tangent of the other two circles. Find the square of the length of this chord.

## Problem 5

For certain real values of $\displaystyle a, b, c,$ and $\displaystyle d_{},$ the equation $\displaystyle x^4+ax^3+bx^2+cx+d=0$ has four non-real roots. The product of two of these roots is $\displaystyle 13+i$ and the sum of the other two roots is $\displaystyle 3+4i,$ where $i=\sqrt{-1}.$ Find $\displaystyle b.$