Difference between revisions of "1995 AIME Problems/Problem 9"
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− | == Solution == | + | == Solution 1 == |
Let <math>x=\angle CAM</math>, so <math>3x=\angle CDM</math>. Then, <math>\frac{\tan 3x}{\tan x}=\frac{CM/1}{CM/11}=11</math>. Expanding <math>\tan 3x</math> using the angle sum identity gives <cmath>\tan 3x=\tan(2x+x)=\frac{3\tan x-\tan^3x}{1-3\tan^2x}.</cmath> | Let <math>x=\angle CAM</math>, so <math>3x=\angle CDM</math>. Then, <math>\frac{\tan 3x}{\tan x}=\frac{CM/1}{CM/11}=11</math>. Expanding <math>\tan 3x</math> using the angle sum identity gives <cmath>\tan 3x=\tan(2x+x)=\frac{3\tan x-\tan^3x}{1-3\tan^2x}.</cmath> | ||
Thus, <math>\frac{3-\tan^2x}{1-3\tan^2x}=11</math>. Solving, we get <math>\tan x= \frac 12</math>. Hence, <math>CM=\frac{11}2</math> and <math>AC= \frac{11\sqrt{5}}2</math> by the [[Pythagorean Theorem]]. The total perimeter is <math>2(AC + CM) = \sqrt{605}+11</math>. The answer is thus <math>a+b=\boxed{616}</math>. | Thus, <math>\frac{3-\tan^2x}{1-3\tan^2x}=11</math>. Solving, we get <math>\tan x= \frac 12</math>. Hence, <math>CM=\frac{11}2</math> and <math>AC= \frac{11\sqrt{5}}2</math> by the [[Pythagorean Theorem]]. The total perimeter is <math>2(AC + CM) = \sqrt{605}+11</math>. The answer is thus <math>a+b=\boxed{616}</math>. | ||
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+ | == Solution 2 == | ||
+ | In a similar fashion, we encode the angles as complex numbers, so if <math>BM=x</math>, then <math>\angle BAD=\text{Arg}(11+xi)</math> and <math>\angle BDM=\text{Arg}(1+xi)</math>. So we need only find <math>x</math> such that <math>\text{Arg}((11+xi)^3)=\text{Arg}(1331-33x^2+(363x-x^3)i)=\text{Arg}(1+xi)</math>. This will happen when <math>\frac{363x-x^3}{1331-33x^2}=x</math>, which simplifies to <math>121x-4x^3=0</math>. Therefore, <math>x=\frac{11}{2}</math>. By the Pythagorean Theorem, <math>AB=\frac{11\sqrt{5}{2}</math>, so the perimeter is <math>11+11\sqrt{5}=11+\sqrt{605}</math>, giving us our answer, <math>\boxed{616}</math>. | ||
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== See also == | == See also == |
Revision as of 00:07, 11 June 2013
Contents
Problem
Triangle is isosceles, with and altitude Suppose that there is a point on with and Then the perimeter of may be written in the form where and are integers. Find
Solution 1
Let , so . Then, . Expanding using the angle sum identity gives Thus, . Solving, we get . Hence, and by the Pythagorean Theorem. The total perimeter is . The answer is thus .
Solution 2
In a similar fashion, we encode the angles as complex numbers, so if , then and . So we need only find such that . This will happen when , which simplifies to . Therefore, . By the Pythagorean Theorem, $AB=\frac{11\sqrt{5}{2}$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! File ended while scanning use of \frac .), so the perimeter is , giving us our answer, .
See also
1995 AIME (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 8 |
Followed by Problem 10 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 | ||
All AIME Problems and Solutions |