1996 AIME Problems/Problem 4

Revision as of 13:52, 13 April 2015 by Jasonhu4 (talk | contribs) (Solution)

Problem

A wooden cube, whose edges are one centimeter long, rests on a horizontal surface. Illuminated by a point source of light that is $x$ centimeters directly above an upper vertex, the cube casts a shadow on the horizontal surface. The area of the shadow, which does not include the area beneath the cube is 48 square centimeters. Find the greatest integer that does not exceed $1000x$.

Solution

import three;
size(250);defaultpen(0.7+fontsize(9));
real unit = 0.5; 
real r = 2.8;
triple O=(0,0,0), P=(0,0,unit+unit/(r-1)); dot(P);
draw(O--P); draw(O--(unit,0,0)--(unit,0,unit)--(0,0,unit)); draw(O--(0,unit,0)--(0,unit,unit)--(0,0,unit));
draw((unit,0,0)--(unit,unit,0)--(unit,unit,unit)--(unit,0,unit)); draw((0,unit,0)--(unit,unit,0)--(unit,unit,unit)--(0,unit,unit)); 
draw(P--(r*unit,0,0)--(r*unit,r*unit,0)--(0,r*unit,0)--P); draw(P--(r*unit,r*unit,0)); draw((r*unit,0,0)--(0,0,0)--(0,r*unit,0));
draw(P--(0,0,unit)--(unit,0,unit)--(unit,0,0)--(r*unit,0,0)--P,dashed+blue+linewidth(0.8));
draw(rightanglemark(P,(0,0,unit),(unit,0,unit),1.7));draw(rightanglemark((unit,0,unit),(unit,0,0),(r*unit,0,0),1.7));
label("$x$",(0,0,unit+unit/(r-1)/2),WSW);
label("$1$",(unit/2,0,unit),N);
label("$1$",(unit,0,unit/2),W);
label("$1$",(unit/2,0,0),N);
label("$6$",(unit*(r+1)/2,0,0),N);
label("$7$",(unit*r,unit*r/2,0),SW);
 (Error compiling LaTeX. draw(rightanglemark(P,(0,0,unit),(unit,0,unit),1.7));draw(rightanglemark((unit,0,unit),(unit,0,0),(r*unit,0,0),1.7));
                   ^
112982610b648ae4a5b643e01bc8b68a91f453c1.asy: 12.20: cannot call
'path rightanglemark(pair A, pair B, pair C, real s=<default>)'
with parameters
'(triple, triple, triple, real)')

(Figure not to scale) The area of the square shadow base is $48 + 1 = 49$, and so the sides of the shadow are $7$. Using the similar triangles in blue, $\frac {x}{1} = \frac {1}{6}$, and $\left\lfloor 1000x \right\rfloor = \boxed{166}$.

See also

1996 AIME (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 3
Followed by
Problem 5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
All AIME Problems and Solutions

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