# Difference between revisions of "1997 AHSME Problems/Problem 3"

## Problem 3

If $x$, $y$, and $z$ are real numbers such that $(x-3)^2 + (y-4)^2 + (z-5)^2 = 0$,

then $x + y + z =$ $\mathrm{(A)\ } -12 \qquad \mathrm{(B) \ }0 \qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 8 \qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } 12 \qquad \mathrm{(E) \ }50$

## Solution

If the sum of three squared expressions is zero, then each expression itself must be zero, since $a^2 \ge 0$ with the equality iff $a=0$.

In this case, $x-3=0$, $y-4=0$, and $z-5=0$. Adding the three equations and moving the constant to the right gives $x + y + z = 12$, and the answer is $\boxed{D}$.

## See also

 1997 AHSME (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) Preceded byProblem 2 Followed byProblem 4 1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 • 26 • 27 • 28 • 29 • 30 All AHSME Problems and Solutions

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