2000 AIME I Problems/Problem 7

Revision as of 01:17, 3 December 2007 by Jam (talk | contribs) (Added solution)

Problem

Suppose that $x,$ $y,$ and $z$ are three positive numbers that satisfy the equations $xyz = 1,$ $x + \frac {1}{z} = 5,$ and $y + \frac {1}{x} = 29.$ Then $z + \frac {1}{y} = \frac {m}{n},$ where $m$ and $n$ are relatively prime positive integers. Find $m + n$.

Solution

Let $r = \frac{m}{n} = z + \frac {1}{y}$.

$\begin{align*} (5)(29)(r)&=\left(x + \frac {1}{z}\right)\left(y + \frac {1}{x}\right)\left(z + \frac {1}{y}\right)\\ &=xyz + \frac{xy}{y} + \frac{xz}{x} + \frac{yz}{z} + \frac{x}{xy} + \frac{y}{yz} + \frac{z}{xz} + \frac{1}{xyz}\\ &=1 + x + z + y + \frac{1}{y} + \frac{1}{z} + \frac{1}{x} + \frac{1}{1}\\ &=2 + \left(x + \frac {1}{z}\right) + \left(y + \frac {1}{x}\right) + \left(z + \frac {1}{y}\right)\\ &=2 + 5 + 29 + r\\ &=36 + r \end{align*}$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Package amsmath Error: \begin{align*} allowed only in paragraph mode.)

Thus $145r = 36+r \Rightarrow 144r = 36 \Rightarrow r = \frac{36}{144} = \frac{1}{4}$. So $m + n = 1 + 4 = \boxed{5}$

See also

2000 AIME I (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 6
Followed by
Problem 8
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
All AIME Problems and Solutions
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