2000 AMC 12 Problems/Problem 12
Problem
Let and be nonnegative integers such that . What is the maximum value of ?
Solution 1
It is not hard to see that Since , we can rewrite this as So we wish to maximize Which is largest when all the factors are equal (consequence of AM-GM). Since , we set Which gives us so the answer is . I wish you understand this problem and can use it in other problems.
Solution 2 (Nonrigorous)
If you know that to maximize your result you have to make the numbers as close together as possible, (for example to maximize area for a polygon make it a square) then you can try to make and as close as possible. In this case, they would all be equal to , so , giving you the answer of .
Solution 3
Assume , , and are equal to . Since the resulting value of will be and this is the largest answer choice, our answer is .
Video Solution
See also
2000 AMC 12 (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | |
Preceded by Problem 11 |
Followed by Problem 13 |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | |
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions |
The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions.