Difference between revisions of "2000 AMC 12 Problems/Problem 8"
m (→Solution 4) |
(→Solution) |
||
Line 29: | Line 29: | ||
<math>\mathrm{(A)}\ 10401 \qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ 19801 \qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ 20201 \qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ 39801 \qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ 40801</math> | <math>\mathrm{(A)}\ 10401 \qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ 19801 \qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ 20201 \qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ 39801 \qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ 40801</math> | ||
− | + | ===Solution 1=== | |
− | |||
− | |||
− | |||
− | ===Solution | ||
We can divide up figure <math>n</math> to get the sum of the sum of the first <math>n+1</math> odd numbers and the sum of the first <math>n</math> odd numbers. If you do not see this, here is the example for <math>n=3</math>: | We can divide up figure <math>n</math> to get the sum of the sum of the first <math>n+1</math> odd numbers and the sum of the first <math>n</math> odd numbers. If you do not see this, here is the example for <math>n=3</math>: | ||
Line 47: | Line 43: | ||
The sum of the first <math>n</math> odd numbers is <math>n^2</math>, so for figure <math>n</math>, there are <math>(n+1)^2+n^2</math> unit squares. We plug in <math>n=100</math> to get <math>\boxed{\textbf{(C) }20201}</math>. | The sum of the first <math>n</math> odd numbers is <math>n^2</math>, so for figure <math>n</math>, there are <math>(n+1)^2+n^2</math> unit squares. We plug in <math>n=100</math> to get <math>\boxed{\textbf{(C) }20201}</math>. | ||
− | ===Solution | + | ===Solution 2=== |
Using the recursion from solution 1, we see that the first differences of <math>4, 8, 12, ...</math> form an arithmetic progression, and consequently that the second differences are constant and all equal to <math>4</math>. Thus, the original sequence can be generated from a quadratic function. | Using the recursion from solution 1, we see that the first differences of <math>4, 8, 12, ...</math> form an arithmetic progression, and consequently that the second differences are constant and all equal to <math>4</math>. Thus, the original sequence can be generated from a quadratic function. | ||
Line 77: | Line 73: | ||
Calculating the answer to our problem, <math>f(100) = 20000 + 200 + 1 = 20201</math>, which is choice <math>\boxed{\textbf{(C) }20201}</math>. | Calculating the answer to our problem, <math>f(100) = 20000 + 200 + 1 = 20201</math>, which is choice <math>\boxed{\textbf{(C) }20201}</math>. | ||
− | ===Solution | + | ===Solution 3=== |
We can see that each figure <math>n</math> has a central box and 4 columns of <math>n</math> boxes on each side of each square. Therefore, at figure 100, there is a central box with 100 boxes on the top, right, left, and bottom. Knowing that each quarter of each figure has a pyramid structure, we know that for each quarter there are <math>\sum_{n=1}^{100} n = 5050</math> squares. <math>4 \cdot 5050 = 20200</math>. Adding in the original center box we have <math> 20200 + 1 = \boxed{\textbf{(C) }20201}</math>. | We can see that each figure <math>n</math> has a central box and 4 columns of <math>n</math> boxes on each side of each square. Therefore, at figure 100, there is a central box with 100 boxes on the top, right, left, and bottom. Knowing that each quarter of each figure has a pyramid structure, we know that for each quarter there are <math>\sum_{n=1}^{100} n = 5050</math> squares. <math>4 \cdot 5050 = 20200</math>. Adding in the original center box we have <math> 20200 + 1 = \boxed{\textbf{(C) }20201}</math>. | ||
Revision as of 01:06, 7 August 2019
- The following problem is from both the 2000 AMC 12 #8 and 2000 AMC 10 #12, so both problems redirect to this page.
Problem
Figures , , , and consist of , , , and nonoverlapping unit squares, respectively. If the pattern were continued, how many nonoverlapping unit squares would there be in figure 100?
Solution 1
We can divide up figure to get the sum of the sum of the first odd numbers and the sum of the first odd numbers. If you do not see this, here is the example for :
The sum of the first odd numbers is , so for figure , there are unit squares. We plug in to get .
Solution 2
Using the recursion from solution 1, we see that the first differences of form an arithmetic progression, and consequently that the second differences are constant and all equal to . Thus, the original sequence can be generated from a quadratic function.
If , and , , and , we get a system of three equations in three variables:
gives
gives
gives
Plugging in into the last two equations gives
Dividing the second equation by 2 gives the system:
Subtracting the first equation from the second gives , and hence . Thus, our quadratic function is:
Calculating the answer to our problem, , which is choice .
Solution 3
We can see that each figure has a central box and 4 columns of boxes on each side of each square. Therefore, at figure 100, there is a central box with 100 boxes on the top, right, left, and bottom. Knowing that each quarter of each figure has a pyramid structure, we know that for each quarter there are squares. . Adding in the original center box we have .
Solution 5
Let be the number of squares in figure . We can easily see that Note that in , the number multiplied by the 4 is the th triangular number. Hence, .
See Also
2000 AMC 12 (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | |
Preceded by Problem 7 |
Followed by Problem 9 |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | |
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions |
2000 AMC 10 (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 11 |
Followed by Problem 13 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | ||
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions |
The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions.