2002 AIME I Problems/Problem 12
Problem
Let for all complex numbers , and let for all positive integers . Given that and , where and are real numbers, find .
Solution
Iterating we get:
$\begin{align*} F(z) &= \frac{z+i}{z-i}\\ F(F(z)) &= \frac{\frac{z+i}{z-i}+i}{\frac{z+i}{z-i}-i} = \frac{(z+i)+i(z-i)}{(z+i)-i(z-i)}= \frac{z+i+zi+1}{z+i-zi-1}= \frac{(z+1)(i+1)}{(z-1)(1-i)}\\ &= \frac{(z+1)(i+1)^2}{(z-1)(1^2+1^2)}= \frac{(z+1)(2i)}{(z-1)(2)}= \frac{z+1}{z-1}i\\ F(F(F(z))) &= \frac{\frac{z+1}{z-1}i+i}{\frac{z+1}{z-1}i-i} = \frac{\frac{z+1}{z-1}+1}{\frac{z+1}{z-1}-1} = \frac{(z+1)+(z-1)}{(z+1)-(z-1)} = \frac{2z}{2} = z. \end{align*}$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Package amsmath Error: \begin{align*} allowed only in paragraph mode.)
From this, it follows that , for all . Thus
Thus .
See also
2002 AIME I (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 11 |
Followed by Problem 13 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 | ||
All AIME Problems and Solutions |