# Difference between revisions of "2002 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 20"

## Problem

Points $A,B,C,D,E$ and $F$ lie, in that order, on $\overline{AF}$, dividing it into five segments, each of length 1. Point $G$ is not on line $AF$. Point $H$ lies on $\overline{GD}$, and point $J$ lies on $\overline{GF}$. The line segments $\overline{HC}, \overline{JE},$ and $\overline{AG}$ are parallel. Find $HC/JE$. $\text{(A)}\ 5/4 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 4/3 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 3/2 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 5/3 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 2$

## Solution 1

First we can draw an image. $[asy] unitsize(0.8 cm); pair A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, J; A = (0,0); B = (1,0); C = (2,0); D = (3,0); E = (4,0); F = (5,0); G = (-1.5,4); H = extension(D, G, C, C + G - A); J = extension(F, G, E, E + G - A); draw(A--F--G--cycle); draw(B--G); draw(C--G); draw(D--G); draw(E--G); draw(C--H); draw(E--J); label("A", A, SW); label("B", B, S); label("C", C, S); label("D", D, S); label("E", E, S); label("F", F, SE); label("G", G, NW); label("H", H, W); label("J", J, NE); [/asy]$

Since $\overline{AG}$ and $\overline{CH}$ are parallel, triangles $\triangle GAD$ and $\triangle HCD$ are similar. Hence, $\frac{CH}{AG} = \frac{CD}{AD} = \frac{1}{3}$.

Since $\overline{AG}$ and $\overline{JE}$ are parallel, triangles $\triangle GAF$ and $\triangle JEF$ are similar. Hence, $\frac{EJ}{AG} = \frac{EF}{AF} = \frac{1}{5}$. Therefore, $\frac{CH}{EJ} = \left(\frac{CH}{AG}\right)\div\left(\frac{EJ}{AG}\right) = \left(\frac{1}{3}\right)\div\left(\frac{1}{5}\right) = \boxed{\frac{5}{3}}$. The answer is $\boxed{(D) 5/3}$.

## Solution 2

As angle F is clearly congruent to itself, we get from AA similarity, $\triangle AGF \sim \triangle EJF$; hence $\frac {AG}{JE} =5$. Similarly, $\frac {AG}{HC} = 3$. Thus, $\frac {HC}{JE}=\left(\frac{AG}{JE}\right)\left(\frac{HC}{AG}\right) = \boxed{\frac {5}{3}\Rightarrow \text{(D)}}$.

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