2003 AIME I Problems/Problem 5

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Problem

Consider the set of points that are inside or within one unit of a rectangular parallelepiped (box) that measures $3$ by $4$ by $5$ units. Given that the volume of this set is $\frac{m + n\pi}{p},$ where $m, n,$ and $p$ are positive integers, and $n$ and $p$ are relatively prime, find $m + n + p.$

Solution

[asy] size(220); import three; currentprojection = perspective(5,4,3); defaultpen(linetype("8 8")+linewidth(0.6)); draw(box((0,-.1,0),(0.4,0.6,0.3))); draw(box((-.1,0,0),(0.5,0.5,0.3))); draw(box((0,0,-.1),(0.4,0.5,0.4))); draw(box((0,0,0),(0.4,0.5,0.3)),linewidth(1.2)+linetype("1")); [/asy]

The set can be broken into several parts: the big $3\times 4 \times 5$ parallelepiped, $6$ external parallelepipeds that each share a face with the large parallelepiped and have a height of $1$, the $1/8$ spheres (one centered at each vertex of the large parallelepiped), and the $1/4$ cylinders connecting each adjacent pair of spheres.

  • The volume of the parallelepiped is $3 \times 4 \times 5 = 60$ cubic units.
  • The volume of the external parallelepipeds is $2(3 \times 4 \times 1)+2(3 \times 5 \times 1 )+2(4 \times 5 \times 1)=94$.
  • There are $8$ of the $1/8$ spheres, each of radius $1$. Together, their volume is $\frac{4}{3}\pi$.
  • There are $12$ of the $1/4$ cylinders, so $3$ complete cylinders can be formed. Their volumes are $3\pi$, $4\pi$, and $5\pi$, adding up to $12\pi$.

The combined volume of these parts is $60+94+\frac{4}{3}\pi+12\pi = \frac{462+40\pi}{3}$. Thus, the answer is $m+n+p = 462+40+3 = \boxed{505}$.

See also

2003 AIME I (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 4
Followed by
Problem 6
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
All AIME Problems and Solutions

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