2003 AMC 12A Problems

Revision as of 12:03, 16 November 2008 by Leoxnlin (talk | contribs) (Problem 10: added problem)

Problem 1

What is the difference between the sum of the first $2003$ even counting numbers and the sum of the first $2003$ odd counting numbers?

$\mathrm{(A) \ } 0\qquad \mathrm{(B) \ } 1\qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 2\qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } 2003\qquad \mathrm{(E) \ } 4006$

Solution

Problem 2

Members of the Rockham Soccer Leauge buy socks and T-shirts. Socks cost $4 per pair and each T-shirt costs $5 more than a pair of socks. Each member needs one pair of socks and a shirt for home games and another pair of socks and a shirt for away games. If the total cost is $2366, how many members are in the Leauge?

$\mathrm{(A) \ } 77\qquad \mathrm{(B) \ } 91\qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 143\qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } 182\qquad \mathrm{(E) \ } 286$

Solution

Problem 3

A solid box is $15$ cm by $10$ cm by $8$ cm. A new solid is formed by removing a cube $3$ cm on a side from each corner of this box. What percent of the original volume is removed?

$\mathrm{(A) \ } 4.5\qquad \mathrm{(B) \ } 9\qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 12\qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } 18\qquad \mathrm{(E) \ } 24$

Solution

Problem 4

It takes Mary $30$ minutes to walk uphill $1$ km from her home to school, but it takes her only $10$ minutes to walk from school to her home along the same route. What is her average speed, in km/hr, for the round trip?

$\mathrm{(A) \ } 3\qquad \mathrm{(B) \ } 3.125\qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 3.5\qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } 4\qquad \mathrm{(E) \ } 4.5$

Solution

Problem 5

The sum of the two 5-digit numbers $AMC10$ and $AMC12$ is $123422$. What is $A+M+C$?

$\mathrm{(A) \ } 10\qquad \mathrm{(B) \ } 11\qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 12\qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } 13\qquad \mathrm{(E) \ } 14$

Solution

Problem 6

Define $x \heartsuit y$ to be $|x-y|$ for all real numbers $x$ and $y$. Which of the following statements is not true?

$\mathrm{(A) \ } x \heartsuit y = y \heartsuit x$ for all $x$ and $y$

$\mathrm{(B) \ } 2(x \heartsuit y) = (2x) \heartsuit (2y)$ for all $x$ and $y$

$\mathrm{(C) \ } x \heartsuit 0 = x$ for all $x$

$\mathrm{(D) \ } x \heartsuit x = 0$ for all $x$

$\mathrm{(E) \ } x \heartsuit y > 0$ if $x \neq y$

Solution

Problem 7

How many non-congruent triangles with perimeter $7$ have integer side lengths?

$\mathrm{(A) \ } 1\qquad \mathrm{(B) \ } 2\qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 3\qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } 4\qquad \mathrm{(E) \ } 5$

Solution

Problem 8

What is the probability that a randomly drawn positive factor of $60$ is less than $7$

$\mathrm{(A) \ } \frac{1}{10}\qquad \mathrm{(B) \ } \frac{1}{6}\qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } \frac{1}{4}\qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } \frac{1}{3}\qquad \mathrm{(E) \ } \frac{1}{2}$

Solution

Problem 9

A set $S$ of points in the $xy$-plane is symmetric about the orgin, both coordinate axes, and the line $y=x$. If $(2,3)$ is in $S$, what is the smallest number of points in $S$?

$\mathrm{(A) \ } 1\qquad \mathrm{(B) \ } 2\qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 4\qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } 8\qquad \mathrm{(E) \ } 16$

Solution

Problem 10

Al, Bert, and Carl are the winners of a school drawing for a pile of Halloween candy, which they are to divide in a ratio of $3:2:1$, respectively. Due to some confusion they come at different times to claim their prizes, and each assumes he is the first to arrive. If each takes what he believes to be the correct share of candy, what fraction of the candy goes unclaimed?

$\mathrm{(A) \ } \frac{1}{18}\qquad \mathrm{(B) \ } \frac{1}{6}\qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } \frac{2}{9}\qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } \frac{5}{18}\qquad \mathrm{(E) \ } \frac{5}{12}$

Solution

Problem 11

Solution

Problem 12

Sally has five red cards numbered $1$ through $5$ and four blue cards numbered $3$ through $6$. She stacks the cards so that the colors alternate and so that the number on each red card divides evenly into the number on each neighboring blue card. What is the sum of the numbers on the middle three cards?

$\mathrm{(A) \ } 8\qquad \mathrm{(B) \ } 9\qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 10\qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } 11\qquad \mathrm{(E) \ } 12$

Solution

Problem 13

The polygon enclosed by the solid lines in the figure consists of 4 congruent squares joined edge-to-edge. One more congruent square is attatched to an edge at one of the nine positions indicated. How many of the nine resulting polygons can be folded to form a cube with one face missing?

2003amc10a10.gif

$\mathrm{(A) \ } 2\qquad \mathrm{(B) \ } 3\qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 4\qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } 5\qquad \mathrm{(E) \ } 6$

Solution

Problem 14

Solution

Problem 15

A semicircle of diameter $1$ sits at the top of a semicircle of diameter $2$, as shown. The shaded area inside the smaller semicircle and outside the larger semicircle is called a lune. Determine the area of this lune.

2003amc10a19.gif

$\mathrm{(A) \ } \frac{1}{6}\pi-\frac{\sqrt{3}}{4}\qquad \mathrm{(B) \ } \frac{\sqrt{3}}{4}-\frac{1}{12}\pi\qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } \frac{\sqrt{3}}{4}-\frac{1}{24}\pi\qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } \frac{\sqrt{3}}{4}+\frac{1}{24}\pi\qquad \mathrm{(E) \ } \frac{\sqrt{3}}{4}+\frac{1}{12}\pi$

Solution

Problem 16

Solution

Problem 17

Square $ABCD$ has sides of length $4$, and $M$ is the midpoint of $\overline{CD}$. A circle with radius $2$ and center $M$ intersects a circle with raidus $4$ and center $A$ at points $P$ and $D$. What is the distance from $P$ to $\overline{AD}$?

5d50417537c6cddfb70810403c62787b889cdcb1.png

$\textbf{(A)}\ 3 \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ \frac {16}{5} \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ \frac {13}{4} \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 2\sqrt {3} \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ \frac {7}{2}$

Solution

Problem 18

Let $n$ be a $5$-digit number, and let $q$ and $r$ be the quotient and the remainder, respectively, when $n$ is divided by $100$. For how many values of $n$ is $q+r$ divisible by $11$?

$\mathrm{(A) \ } 8180\qquad \mathrm{(B) \ } 8181\qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 8182\qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } 9000\qquad \mathrm{(E) \ } 9090$

Solution

Problem 19

Solution

Problem 20

Solution

Problem 21

The graph of the polynomial

$P(x) = x^5 + ax^4 + bx^3 + cx^2 + dx + e$

has five distinct $x$-intercepts, one of which is at $(0,0)$. Which of the following coefficients cannot be zero?

$\textbf{(A)}\ a \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ b \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ c \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ d \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ e$

Solution

Problem 22

Solution

Problem 23

Solution

Problem 24

Solution

Problem 25

Let $\displaystyle f(x)= \sqrt{ax^2+bx}$. For how many real values of $a$ is there at least one positive value of $b$ for which the domain of $f$ and the range $f$ are the same set?

$\mathrm{(A) \ 0 } \qquad \mathrm{(B) \ 1 } \qquad \mathrm{(C) \ 2 } \qquad \mathrm{(D) \ 3 } \qquad \mathrm{(E) \ \mathrm{infinitely \ many} }$

Solution

See also

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