Difference between revisions of "2003 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 18"
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Therefore, <math>q</math> can be any integer from <math>100</math> to <math>999</math> inclusive, and <math>r</math> can be any integer from <math>0</math> to <math>99</math> inclusive. | Therefore, <math>q</math> can be any integer from <math>100</math> to <math>999</math> inclusive, and <math>r</math> can be any integer from <math>0</math> to <math>99</math> inclusive. | ||
− | For each of the <math>9\cdot10\cdot10=900</math> possible values of <math>q</math>, there are at least <math>\lfloor \frac{100}{11} \rfloor = 9</math> possible values of <math>r</math> such that <math>q+r \equiv 0\pmod{11}</math>. | + | For each of the <math>9\cdot10\cdot10=900</math> possible values of <math>q</math>, there are at least <math>\left\lfloor \frac{100}{11} \right\rfloor = 9</math> possible values of <math>r</math> such that <math>q+r \equiv 0\pmod{11}</math>. |
− | Since there is <math>1</math> "extra" possible value of <math>r</math> that is congruent to <math>0\pmod{11}</math>, each of the <math>\lfloor \frac{900}{11} \rfloor = 81</math> values of <math>q</math> that are congruent to <math>0\pmod{11}</math> have <math>1</math> more possible value of <math>r</math> such that <math>q+r \equiv 0\pmod{11}</math>. | + | Since there is <math>1</math> "extra" possible value of <math>r</math> that is congruent to <math>0\pmod{11}</math>, each of the <math>\left\lfloor \frac{900}{11} \right\rfloor = 81</math> values of <math>q</math> that are congruent to <math>0\pmod{11}</math> have <math>1</math> more possible value of <math>r</math> such that <math>q+r \equiv 0\pmod{11}</math>. |
Therefore, the number of possible values of <math>n</math> such that <math>q+r \equiv 0\pmod{11}</math> is <math>900\cdot9+81\cdot1=8181 \Rightarrow\boxed{(B)} </math>. | Therefore, the number of possible values of <math>n</math> such that <math>q+r \equiv 0\pmod{11}</math> is <math>900\cdot9+81\cdot1=8181 \Rightarrow\boxed{(B)} </math>. |
Revision as of 12:59, 11 March 2019
Contents
Problem
Let be a -digit number, and let and be the quotient and the remainder, respectively, when is divided by . For how many values of is divisible by ?
Solution 1
When a -digit number is divided by , the first digits become the quotient, , and the last digits become the remainder, .
Therefore, can be any integer from to inclusive, and can be any integer from to inclusive.
For each of the possible values of , there are at least possible values of such that .
Since there is "extra" possible value of that is congruent to , each of the values of that are congruent to have more possible value of such that .
Therefore, the number of possible values of such that is .
Solution 2
Notice that . This means that any number whose quotient and remainder sum is divisible by 11 must also be divisible by 11. Therefore, there are possible values. The answer is .
See Also
2003 AMC 10A (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 24 |
Followed by Last Question | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | ||
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions |
2003 AMC 12A (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | |
Preceded by Problem 17 |
Followed by Problem 19 |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | |
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions |
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