Difference between revisions of "2003 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 18"

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== See Also ==
 
== See Also ==
*[[2003 AMC 12A Problems]]
 
*[[2003 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 17|Previous Problem]]
 
*[[2003 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 19|Next Problem]]
 
  
[[Category:Introductory Number Theory Problems]]
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==See Also==
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{{AMC12 box|year=2003|ab=A|num-b=17|num-a=19}}

Revision as of 04:53, 24 May 2013

Problem

Let $n$ be a $5$-digit number, and let $q$ and $r$ be the quotient and the remainder, respectively, when $n$ is divided by $100$. For how many values of $n$ is $q+r$ divisible by $11$?

$\mathrm{(A) \ } 8180\qquad \mathrm{(B) \ } 8181\qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 8182\qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } 9000\qquad \mathrm{(E) \ } 9090$

Solution

When a $5$-digit number is divided by $100$, the first $3$ digits become the quotient, $q$, and the last $2$ digits become the remainder, $r$.

Therefore, $q$ can be any integer from $100$ to $999$ inclusive, and $r$ can be any integer from $0$ to $99$ inclusive.

For each of the $9\cdot10\cdot10=900$ possible values of $q$, there are at least $\lfloor \frac{100}{11} \rfloor = 9$ possible values of $r$ such that $q+r \equiv 0\pmod{11}$.

Since there is $1$ "extra" possible value of $r$ that is congruent to $0\pmod{11}$, each of the $\lfloor \frac{900}{11} \rfloor = 81$ values of $q$ that are congruent to $0\pmod{11}$ have $1$ more possible value of $r$ such that $q+r \equiv 0\pmod{11}$.

Therefore, the number of possible values of $n$ such that $q+r \equiv 0\pmod{11}$ is $900\cdot9+81\cdot1=8181 \Rightarrow\boxed{(B)}$.

See Also

See Also

2003 AMC 12A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 17
Followed by
Problem 19
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