Difference between revisions of "2003 AMC 8 Problems"

(Problem 8)
(Problem 9)
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==Problem 9==
 
==Problem 9==
Problems 8, 9 and 10 use the data found in the accompanying paragraph and figures
 
  
Four friends, Art, Roger, Paul and Trisha, bake cookies, and all cookies have the same thickness. The shapes of the cookies differ, as shown.
+
'''Bake Sale''' Four friends, Art, Roger, Paul and Trisha, bake cookies, and all cookies have the same thickness. The shapes of the cookies differ, as shown.
  
 
<math>\circ</math> Art's cookies are trapezoids:  
 
<math>\circ</math> Art's cookies are trapezoids:  

Revision as of 23:03, 18 October 2011

Problem 1

Jamie counted the number of edges of a cube, Jimmy counted the numbers of corners, and Judy counted the number of faces. They then added the three numbers. What was the resulting sum?

$\mathrm{(A)}\ 12 \qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ 16 \qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ 20 \qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ 22 \qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ 26$

Solution

Problem 2

Which of the following numbers has the smallest prime factor?

$\mathrm{(A)}\ 55 \qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ 57 \qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ 58 \qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ 59 \qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ 61$

Solution

Problem 3

A burger at Ricky C's weighs $120$ grams, of which $30$ grams are filler. What percent of the burger is not filler?

$\mathrm{(A)}\ 60\% \qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ 65\% \qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ 70\% \qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ 75\% \qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ 90\%$

Solution

Problem 4

A group of children riding on bicycles and tricycles rode past Billy Bob's house. Billy Bob counted $7$ children and $19$ wheels. How many tricycles were there?

$\mathrm{(A)}\ 2 \qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ 4 \qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ 5 \qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ 6 \qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ 7$

Solution

Problem 5

If $20\%$ of a number is $12$, what is $30\%$ of the same number?

$\mathrm{(A)}\ 15\qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ 18 \qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ 20 \qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ 24 \qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ 30$

Solution

Problem 6

Given the areas of the three squares in the figure, what is the area of the interior triangle? AMC8 problem 6 2003image.png

$\mathrm{(A)}\ 13 \qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ 30 \qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ 60 \qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ 300 \qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ 1800$

Solution

Problem 7

Blake and Jenny each took four $100$-point tests. Blake averaged $78$ on the four tests. Jenny scored $10$ points higher than Blake on the first test, $10$ points lower than him on the second test, and $20$ points higher on both the third and fourth tests. What is the difference between Jenny's average and Blake's average on these four tests?

$\mathrm{(A)}\  10  \qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ 15 \qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ 20 \qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ 25 \qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ 40$

Solution

Problem 8

Bake Sale Four friends, Art, Roger, Paul and Trisha, bake cookies, and all cookies have the same thickness. The shapes of the cookies differ, as shown.

$\circ$ Art's cookies are trapezoids: [asy]size(80);defaultpen(linewidth(0.8));defaultpen(fontsize(8)); draw(origin--(5,0)--(5,3)--(2,3)--cycle); draw(rightanglemark((5,3), (5,0), origin)); label("5 in", (2.5,0), S); label("3 in", (5,1.5), E); label("3 in", (3.5,3), N);[/asy]

$\circ$ Roger's cookies are rectangles: [asy]size(80);defaultpen(linewidth(0.8));defaultpen(fontsize(8)); draw(origin--(4,0)--(4,2)--(0,2)--cycle); draw(rightanglemark((4,2), (4,0), origin)); draw(rightanglemark((0,2), origin, (4,0))); label("4 in", (2,0), S); label("2 in", (4,1), E);[/asy]

$\circ$ Paul's cookies are parallelograms: [asy]size(80);defaultpen(linewidth(0.8));defaultpen(fontsize(8)); draw(origin--(3,0)--(2.5,2)--(-0.5,2)--cycle); draw((2.5,2)--(2.5,0), dashed); draw(rightanglemark((2.5,2),(2.5,0), origin)); label("3 in", (1.5,0), S); label("2 in", (2.5,1), W);[/asy]

$\circ$ Trisha's cookies are triangles: [asy]size(80);defaultpen(linewidth(0.8));defaultpen(fontsize(8)); draw(origin--(3,0)--(3,4)--cycle); draw(rightanglemark((3,4),(3,0), origin)); label("3 in", (1.5,0), S); label("4 in", (3,2), E);[/asy]

Who gets the fewest cookies from one batch of cookie dough?

$\textbf{(A)}\ \text{Art} \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \text{Paul}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \text{Roger}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \text{Trisha}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \text{There is a tie for fewest}$

Solution

Problem 9

Bake Sale Four friends, Art, Roger, Paul and Trisha, bake cookies, and all cookies have the same thickness. The shapes of the cookies differ, as shown.

$\circ$ Art's cookies are trapezoids: [asy]size(80);defaultpen(linewidth(0.8));defaultpen(fontsize(8)); draw(origin--(5,0)--(5,3)--(2,3)--cycle); draw(rightanglemark((5,3), (5,0), origin)); label("5 in", (2.5,0), S); label("3 in", (5,1.5), E); label("3 in", (3.5,3), N);[/asy]

$\circ$ Roger's cookies are rectangles: [asy]size(80);defaultpen(linewidth(0.8));defaultpen(fontsize(8)); draw(origin--(4,0)--(4,2)--(0,2)--cycle); draw(rightanglemark((4,2), (4,0), origin)); draw(rightanglemark((0,2), origin, (4,0))); label("4 in", (2,0), S); label("2 in", (4,1), E);[/asy]

$\circ$ Paul's cookies are parallelograms: [asy]size(80);defaultpen(linewidth(0.8));defaultpen(fontsize(8)); draw(origin--(3,0)--(2.5,2)--(-0.5,2)--cycle); draw((2.5,2)--(2.5,0), dashed); draw(rightanglemark((2.5,2),(2.5,0), origin)); label("3 in", (1.5,0), S); label("2 in", (2.5,1), W);[/asy]

$\circ$ Trisha's cookies are triangles: [asy]size(80);defaultpen(linewidth(0.8));defaultpen(fontsize(8)); draw(origin--(3,0)--(3,4)--cycle); draw(rightanglemark((3,4),(3,0), origin)); label("3 in", (1.5,0), S); label("4 in", (3,2), E);[/asy]

Each friend uses the same amount of dough, and Art makes exactly $12$ cookies. Art's cookies sell for $60$ cents each. To earn the same amount from a single batch, how much should one of Roger's cookies cost in cents?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 18\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 25\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 40\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 75\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 90$

Solution

Problem 10

Problems 8, 9 and 10 use the data found in the accompanying paragraph and figures

Four friends, Art, Roger, Paul and Trisha, bake cookies, and all cookies have the same thickness. The shapes of the cookies differ, as shown.

$\circ$ Art's cookies are trapezoids: [asy]size(80);defaultpen(linewidth(0.8));defaultpen(fontsize(8)); draw(origin--(5,0)--(5,3)--(2,3)--cycle); draw(rightanglemark((5,3), (5,0), origin)); label("5 in", (2.5,0), S); label("3 in", (5,1.5), E); label("3 in", (3.5,3), N);[/asy]

$\circ$ Roger's cookies are rectangles: [asy]size(80);defaultpen(linewidth(0.8));defaultpen(fontsize(8)); draw(origin--(4,0)--(4,2)--(0,2)--cycle); draw(rightanglemark((4,2), (4,0), origin)); draw(rightanglemark((0,2), origin, (4,0))); label("4 in", (2,0), S); label("2 in", (4,1), E);[/asy]

$\circ$ Paul's cookies are parallelograms: [asy]size(80);defaultpen(linewidth(0.8));defaultpen(fontsize(8)); draw(origin--(3,0)--(2.5,2)--(-0.5,2)--cycle); draw((2.5,2)--(2.5,0), dashed); draw(rightanglemark((2.5,2),(2.5,0), origin)); label("3 in", (1.5,0), S); label("2 in", (2.5,1), W);[/asy]

$\circ$ Trisha's cookies are triangles: [asy]size(80);defaultpen(linewidth(0.8));defaultpen(fontsize(8)); draw(origin--(3,0)--(3,4)--cycle); draw(rightanglemark((3,4),(3,0), origin)); label("3 in", (1.5,0), S); label("4 in", (3,2), E);[/asy]

How many cookies will be in one batch of Trisha's cookies?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 10\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 12\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 16\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 18\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 24$

Solution

Problem 11

Business is a little slow at Lou's Fine Shoes, so Lou decides to have a sale. On Friday, Lou increases all of Thursday's prices by $10%$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Missing $ inserted.). Over the weekend, Lou advertises the sale: Ten percent off the listed price. Sale starts Monday." How much does a pair of shoes cost on Monday that cost $40$ dollars on Thursday?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 36\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 39.60\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 40\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 40.40\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 44$

Solution

Problem 12

When a fair six-sided die is tossed on a table top, the bottom face cannot be seen. What is the probability that the product of the numbers on the five faces that can be seen is divisible by 6?

$\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{1}{3}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{1}{2}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{2}{3}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{5}{6}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 1$

Solution

Problem 13

Fourteen white cubes are put together to form the figure on the right. The complete surface of the figure, including the bottom, is painted red. The figure is then separated into individual cubes. How many of the individual cubes have exactly four red faces?

[asy] import three; defaultpen(linewidth(0.8)); real r=0.5; currentprojection=orthographic(3/4,8/15,7/15); draw(unitcube, white, thick(), nolight); draw(shift(1,0,0)*unitcube, white, thick(), nolight); draw(shift(2,0,0)*unitcube, white, thick(), nolight); draw(shift(0,0,1)*unitcube, white, thick(), nolight); draw(shift(2,0,1)*unitcube, white, thick(), nolight); draw(shift(0,1,0)*unitcube, white, thick(), nolight); draw(shift(2,1,0)*unitcube, white, thick(), nolight); draw(shift(0,2,0)*unitcube, white, thick(), nolight); draw(shift(2,2,0)*unitcube, white, thick(), nolight); draw(shift(0,3,0)*unitcube, white, thick(), nolight); draw(shift(0,3,1)*unitcube, white, thick(), nolight); draw(shift(1,3,0)*unitcube, white, thick(), nolight); draw(shift(2,3,0)*unitcube, white, thick(), nolight); draw(shift(2,3,1)*unitcube, white, thick(), nolight);[/asy]

$\textbf{(A)}\ 4\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 6\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 8\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 10\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 12$

Solution

Problem 14

In this addition problem, each letter stands for a different digit.

$\setlength{\tabcolsep}{0.5mm}\begin{array}{cccc}&T & W & O\\ \plus{} &T & W & O\\ \hline F& O & U & R\end{array}$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Undefined control sequence.)

If T = 7 and the letter O represents an even number, what is the only possible value for W?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 0 \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 1 \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 2\qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 3\qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 4$

Solution

Problem 15

A figure is constructed from unit cubes. Each cube shares at least one face with another cube. What is the minimum number of cubes needed to build a figure with the front and side views shown?

[asy] defaultpen(linewidth(0.8)); path p=unitsquare; draw(p^^shift(0,1)*p^^shift(1,0)*p); draw(shift(4,0)*p^^shift(5,0)*p^^shift(5,1)*p); label("FRONT", (1,0), S); label("SIDE", (5,0), S);[/asy]

$\textbf{(A)}\ 3\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 4\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 5\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 6\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 7$

Solution

Problem 16

Ali, Bonnie, Carlo, and Dianna are going to drive together to a nearby theme park. The car they are using has $4$ seats: $1$ Driver seat, $1$ front passenger seat, and $2$ back passenger seat. Bonnie and Carlo are the only ones who know how to drive the car. How many possible seating arrangements are there?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 2 \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 4 \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 6 \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 12 \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 24$

Solution

Problem 17

The six children listed below are from two families of three siblings each. Each child has blue or brown eyes and black or blond hair. Children from the same family have at least one of these characteristics in common. Which two children are Jim's siblings? \[\begin{array}{c|c|c}\text{Child}&\text{Eye Color}&\text{Hair Color}\\ \hline\text{Benjamin}&\text{Blue}&\text{Black}\\ \hline\text{Jim}&\text{Brown}&\text{Blonde}\\ \hline\text{Nadeen}&\text{Brown}&\text{Black}\\ \hline\text{Austin}&\text{Blue}&\text{Blonde}\\ \hline\text{Tevyn}&\text{Blue}&\text{Black}\\ \hline\text{Sue}&\text{Blue}&\text{Blonde}\\ \hline\end{array}\] $\textbf{(A)}\ \text{Nadeen and Austin}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \text{Benjamin and Sue}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \text{Benjamin and Austin}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \text{Nadeen and Tevyn}\qquad$ $\textbf{(E)}\ \text{Austin and Sue}$

Solution

Problem 18

Each of the twenty dots on the graph below represents one of Sarah's classmates. Classmates who are friends are connected with a line segment. For her birthday party, Sarah is inviting only the following: all of her friends and all of those classmates who are friends with at least one of her friends. How many classmates will not be invited to Sarah's party? [asy]/* AMC8 2003 #18 Problem */ pair a=(102,256), b=(68,131), c=(162,101), d=(134,150); pair e=(269,105), f=(359,104), g=(303,12), h=(579,211); pair i=(534, 342), j=(442,432), k=(374,484), l=(278,501); pair m=(282,411), n=(147,451), o=(103,437), p=(31,373); pair q=(419,175), r=(462,209), s=(477,288), t=(443,358); pair oval=(282,303); draw(l--m--n--cycle); draw(p--oval); draw(o--oval); draw(b--d--oval); draw(c--d--e--oval); draw(e--f--g--h--i--j--oval); draw(k--oval); draw(q--oval); draw(s--oval); draw(r--s--t--oval); dot(a); dot(b); dot(c); dot(d); dot(e); dot(f); dot(g); dot(h); dot(i); dot(j); dot(k); dot(l); dot(m); dot(n); dot(o); dot(p); dot(q); dot(r); dot(s); dot(t); filldraw(yscale(.5)*Circle((282,606),80),white,black); label(scale(0.75)*"Sarah", oval);[/asy]

$\textbf{(A)}\ 1\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 4\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 5\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 6\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 7$

Solution

Problem 19

How many integers between $1000$ and $2000$ have all three of the numbers $15$, $20$, and $25$ as factors?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 1 \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 2 \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 3 \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 4 \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 5$

Solution

Problem 20

What is the measure of the acute angle formed by the hands of the clock at $4:20$ PM?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 0 \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 5 \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 8 \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 10 \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 12$

Solution

Problem 21

The area of trapezoid $ABCD$ is $164 \text{cm}^2$. The altitude is $8 \text{cm}$, $AB$ is $10 \text{cm}$, and $CD$ is $17 \text{cm}$. What is $BC$, in centimeters? [asy]/* AMC8 2003 #21 Problem */ size(4inch,2inch); draw((0,0)--(31,0)--(16,8)--(6,8)--cycle); draw((11,8)--(11,0), linetype("8 4")); draw((11,1)--(12,1)--(12,0)); label("$A$", (0,0), SW); label("$D$", (31,0), SE); label("$B$", (6,8), NW); label("$C$", (16,8), NE); label("10", (3,5), W); label("8", (11,4), E); label("17", (22.5,5), E);[/asy]

$\textbf{(A)}\ 9\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 10\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 12\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 15\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 20$

Solution

Problem 22

The following figures are composed of squares and circles. Which figure has a shaded region with largest area? [asy]/* AMC8 2003 #22 Problem */ size(3inch, 2inch); unitsize(1cm); pen outline = black+linewidth(1); filldraw((0,0)--(2,0)--(2,2)--(0,2)--cycle, mediumgrey, outline); filldraw(shift(3,0)*((0,0)--(2,0)--(2,2)--(0,2)--cycle), mediumgrey, outline); filldraw(Circle((7,1), 1), mediumgrey, black+linewidth(1)); filldraw(Circle((1,1), 1), white, outline); filldraw(Circle((3.5,.5), .5), white, outline); filldraw(Circle((4.5,.5), .5), white, outline); filldraw(Circle((3.5,1.5), .5), white, outline); filldraw(Circle((4.5,1.5), .5), white, outline); filldraw((6.3,.3)--(7.7,.3)--(7.7,1.7)--(6.3,1.7)--cycle, white, outline); label("A", (1, 2), N); label("B", (4, 2), N); label("C", (7, 2), N); draw((0,-.5)--(.5,-.5), BeginArrow); draw((1.5, -.5)--(2, -.5), EndArrow); label("2 cm", (1, -.5));  draw((3,-.5)--(3.5,-.5), BeginArrow); draw((4.5, -.5)--(5, -.5), EndArrow); label("2 cm", (4, -.5));  draw((6,-.5)--(6.5,-.5), BeginArrow); draw((7.5, -.5)--(8, -.5), EndArrow); label("2 cm", (7, -.5));  draw((6,1)--(6,-.5), linetype("4 4")); draw((8,1)--(8,-.5), linetype("4 4"));[/asy]

$\textbf{(A)}\ \text{A only}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\  \text{B only}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\  \text{C only}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\  \text{both A and B}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\  \text{all are equal}$

Solution

Problem 23

In the pattern below, the cat (denoted as a large circle in the figures below) moves clockwise through the four squares and the mouse (denoted as a dot in the figures below) moves counterclockwise through the eight exterior segments of the four squares.

[asy]defaultpen(linewidth(0.8)); size(350); path p=unitsquare; int i; for(i=0; i<5; i=i+1) { draw(shift(3i,0)*(p^^shift(1,0)*p^^shift(0,1)*p^^shift(1,1)*p)); } path cat=Circle((0.5,0.5), 0.3); draw(shift(0,1)*cat^^shift(4,1)*cat^^shift(7,0)*cat^^shift(9,0)*cat^^shift(12,1)*cat); dot((1.5,0)^^(5,0.5)^^(8,1.5)^^(10.5,2)^^(12.5,2));  label("1", (1,2), N); label("2", (4,2), N); label("3", (7,2), N); label("4", (10,2), N); label("5", (13,2), N); [/asy]

If the pattern is continued, where would the cat and mouse be after the 247th move?

$\textbf{(A)}$ [asy]defaultpen(linewidth(0.8)); size(60); path p=unitsquare; int i=0; draw(shift(3i,0)*(p^^shift(1,0)*p^^shift(0,1)*p^^shift(1,1)*p)); path cat=Circle((0.5,0.5), 0.3); draw(shift(1,0)*cat); dot((0,0.5)); [/asy]

$\textbf{(B)}$ [asy]defaultpen(linewidth(0.8)); size(60); path p=unitsquare; int i=0; draw(shift(3i,0)*(p^^shift(1,0)*p^^shift(0,1)*p^^shift(1,1)*p)); path cat=Circle((0.5,0.5), 0.3); draw(shift(1,1)*cat); dot((0,0.5)); [/asy]

$\textbf{(C)}$ [asy]defaultpen(linewidth(0.8)); size(60); path p=unitsquare; int i=0; draw(shift(3i,0)*(p^^shift(1,0)*p^^shift(0,1)*p^^shift(1,1)*p)); path cat=Circle((0.5,0.5), 0.3); draw(shift(1,0)*cat); dot((0,1.5)); [/asy]

$\textbf{(D)}$ [asy]defaultpen(linewidth(0.8)); size(60); path p=unitsquare; int i=0; draw(shift(3i,0)*(p^^shift(1,0)*p^^shift(0,1)*p^^shift(1,1)*p)); path cat=Circle((0.5,0.5), 0.3); draw(shift(0,0)*cat); dot((0,1.5)); [/asy]

$\textbf{(E)}$ [asy]defaultpen(linewidth(0.8)); size(60); path p=unitsquare; int i=0; draw(shift(3i,0)*(p^^shift(1,0)*p^^shift(0,1)*p^^shift(1,1)*p)); path cat=Circle((0.5,0.5), 0.3); draw(shift(0,1)*cat); dot((1.5,0)); [/asy]

Solution

Problem 24

A ship travels from point A to point B along a semicircular path, centered at Island X. Then it travels along a straight path from B to C. Which of these graphs best shows the ship's distance from Island X as it moves along its course?

[asy]size(150); pair X=origin, A=(-5,0), B=(5,0), C=(0,5); draw(Arc(X, 5, 180, 360)^^B--C); dot(X); label("$X$", X, NE); label("$C$", C, N); label("$B$", B, E); label("$A$", A, W);[/asy]

$\textbf{(A)}$ [asy] defaultpen(fontsize(7)); size(80); draw((0,16)--origin--(16,0), linewidth(0.9)); label("distance traveled", (8,0), S); label(rotate(90)*"distance to X", (0,8), W); draw(Arc((4,10), 4, 0, 180)^^(8,10)--(16,12)); [/asy]

$\textbf{(B)}$ [asy] defaultpen(fontsize(7)); size(80); draw((0,16)--origin--(16,0), linewidth(0.9)); label("distance traveled", (8,0), S); label(rotate(90)*"distance to X", (0,8), W); draw(Arc((12,10), 4, 180, 360)^^(0,10)--(8,10)); [/asy]

$\textbf{(C)}$ [asy] defaultpen(fontsize(7)); size(80); draw((0,16)--origin--(16,0), linewidth(0.9)); label("distance traveled", (8,0), S); label(rotate(90)*"distance to X", (0,8), W); draw((0,8)--(10,10)--(16,8)); [/asy]

$\textbf{(D)}$ [asy] defaultpen(fontsize(7)); size(80); draw((0,16)--origin--(16,0), linewidth(0.9)); label("distance traveled", (8,0), S); label(rotate(90)*"distance to X", (0,8), W); draw(Arc((12,10), 4, 0, 180)^^(0,10)--(8,10)); [/asy]

$\textbf{(E)}$ [asy] defaultpen(fontsize(7)); size(80); draw((0,16)--origin--(16,0), linewidth(0.9)); label("distance traveled", (8,0), S); label(rotate(90)*"distance to X", (0,8), W); draw((0,6)--(6,6)--(16,10)); [/asy]

Solution

Problem 25

In the figure, the area of square WXYZ is $25 \text{cm}^2$. The four smaller squares have sides 1 cm long, either parallel to or coinciding with the sides of the large square. In $\Delta ABC$, $AB = AC$, and when $\Delta ABC$ is folded over side BC, point A coincides with O, the center of square WXYZ. What is the area of $\Delta ABC$, in square centimeters?

[asy] defaultpen(fontsize(8)); size(225); pair Z=origin, W=(0,10), X=(10,10), Y=(10,0), O=(5,5), B=(-4,8), C=(-4,2), A=(-13,5); draw((-4,0)--Y--X--(-4,10)--cycle); draw((0,-2)--(0,12)--(-2,12)--(-2,8)--B--A--C--(-2,2)--(-2,-2)--cycle); dot(O); label("$A$", A, NW); label("$O$", O, NE); label("$B$", B, SW); label("$C$", C, NW); label("$W$",W , NE); label("$X$", X, N); label("$Y$", Y, N); label("$Z$", Z, SE); [/asy]

$\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{15}4\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{21}4\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{27}4\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{21}2\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac{27}2$

Solution

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