Difference between revisions of "2004 AIME I Problems/Problem 1"
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Now, note that <math>3\cdot 37 = 111</math> so <math>30 \cdot 37 = 1110</math>, and <math>90 \cdot 37 = 3330</math> so <math>87 \cdot 37 = 3219</math>. So the [[remainder]]s are all congruent to <math>n - 9 \pmod{37}</math>. However, these numbers are negative for our choices of <math>n</math>, so in fact the remainders must equal <math>n + 28</math>. | Now, note that <math>3\cdot 37 = 111</math> so <math>30 \cdot 37 = 1110</math>, and <math>90 \cdot 37 = 3330</math> so <math>87 \cdot 37 = 3219</math>. So the [[remainder]]s are all congruent to <math>n - 9 \pmod{37}</math>. However, these numbers are negative for our choices of <math>n</math>, so in fact the remainders must equal <math>n + 28</math>. | ||
− | Adding these numbers up, we get <math>(0 + 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 | + | Adding these numbers up, we get <math>(0 + 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 + 7)\cdot28 = \boxed{217}</math>, our answer. |
== See also == | == See also == |
Revision as of 09:06, 7 March 2018
Problem
The digits of a positive integer are four consecutive integers in decreasing order when read from left to right. What is the sum of the possible remainders when is divided by ?
Solution
A brute-force solution to this question is fairly quick, but we'll try something slightly more clever: our numbers have the form , for .
Now, note that so , and so . So the remainders are all congruent to . However, these numbers are negative for our choices of , so in fact the remainders must equal .
Adding these numbers up, we get , our answer.
See also
2004 AIME I (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by First Question |
Followed by Problem 2 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 | ||
All AIME Problems and Solutions |
The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions.