Difference between revisions of "2004 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 20"
(→Solution 2 (Non-trig)) |
(→Solution) |
||
Line 7: | Line 7: | ||
==Solution== | ==Solution== | ||
− | Since triangle <math>BEF</math> is equilateral, <math>EA=FC</math>, and <math>EAB</math> and <math>FCB</math> are <math>SAS</math> congruent. Thus, triangle <math>DEF</math> is an isosceles right triangle. So we let <math>DE=x</math>. Thus <math>EF=EB=FB=x\sqrt{2}</math>. If we go angle chasing, we find out that <math>\angle AEB=75^{\circ}</math>, thus <math>\angle ABE=15^{\circ}</math>. <math>\frac{AE}{EB}=\sin{15^{\circ}}=\frac{\sqrt{6}-\sqrt{2}}{4}</math>. Thus <math>\frac{AE}{x\sqrt{2}}=\frac{\sqrt{6}-\sqrt{2}}{4}</math>, or <math>AE=\frac{x(\sqrt{3}-1)}{2}</math>. Thus <math>AB=\frac{x(\sqrt{3}+1)}{2}</math>, and <math>[ | + | Since triangle <math>BEF</math> is equilateral, <math>EA=FC</math>, and <math>EAB</math> and <math>FCB</math> are <math>SAS</math> congruent. Thus, triangle <math>DEF</math> is an isosceles right triangle. So we let <math>DE=x</math>. Thus <math>EF=EB=FB=x\sqrt{2}</math>. If we go angle chasing, we find out that <math>\angle AEB=75^{\circ}</math>, thus <math>\angle ABE=15^{\circ}</math>. <math>\frac{AE}{EB}=\sin{15^{\circ}}=\frac{\sqrt{6}-\sqrt{2}}{4}</math>. Thus <math>\frac{AE}{x\sqrt{2}}=\frac{\sqrt{6}-\sqrt{2}}{4}</math>, or <math>AE=\frac{x(\sqrt{3}-1)}{2}</math>. Thus <math>AB=\frac{x(\sqrt{3}+1)}{2}</math>, and <math>[ABE]=\frac{x^2}{4}</math>, and <math>[DEF]=\frac{x^2}{2}</math>. Thus the ratio of the areas is <math>\boxed{\mathrm{(D)}\ 2}</math> |
==Solution 2 (Non-trig) == | ==Solution 2 (Non-trig) == |
Revision as of 23:45, 20 December 2015
Problem
Points and are located on square so that is equilateral. What is the ratio of the area of to that of ?
Solution
Since triangle is equilateral, , and and are congruent. Thus, triangle is an isosceles right triangle. So we let . Thus . If we go angle chasing, we find out that , thus . . Thus , or . Thus , and , and . Thus the ratio of the areas is
Solution 2 (Non-trig)
Without loss of generality let the side length of be 1. Let and . Then triangles and are clearly congruent by HL, so and . We find that , and so, by the Pythagorean Theorem, we have This yields , so . Thus, the desired ratio of areas is
See also
2004 AMC 10A (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 19 |
Followed by Problem 21 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | ||
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions |
The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions.