Difference between revisions of "2004 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 15"
(→Solution) |
m (→Solution 2) |
||
Line 9: | Line 9: | ||
She has <math>n</math> nickels and <math>d=20-n</math> dimes. Their total cost is <math>5n+10d=5n+10(20-n)=200-5n</math> cents. If the dimes were nickels and vice versa, she would have <math>10n+5d=10n+5(20-n)=100+5n</math> cents. This value should be <math>70</math> cents more than the previous one. We get <math>200-5n+70=100+5n</math>, which solves to <math>n=17</math>. Her coins are worth <math>200-5n=\boxed{\mathrm{(A)\ }\textdollar1.15}</math>. | She has <math>n</math> nickels and <math>d=20-n</math> dimes. Their total cost is <math>5n+10d=5n+10(20-n)=200-5n</math> cents. If the dimes were nickels and vice versa, she would have <math>10n+5d=10n+5(20-n)=100+5n</math> cents. This value should be <math>70</math> cents more than the previous one. We get <math>200-5n+70=100+5n</math>, which solves to <math>n=17</math>. Her coins are worth <math>200-5n=\boxed{\mathrm{(A)\ }\textdollar1.15}</math>. | ||
− | + | == Solution 2 == | |
− | Changing a nickel into a dime increases the sum by <math>5</math> cents, and changing a dime into a nickel decreases it by the same amount. As the sum increased by <math>70</math> cents, there are <math>70/5=14</math> more nickels than dimes. As the total count is <math>20</math>, this means that there are <math>17</math> nickels and <math>3</math> dimes. | + | Changing a nickel into a dime increases the sum by <math>5</math> cents, and changing a dime into a nickel decreases it by the same amount. As the sum increased by <math>70</math> cents, there are <math>70/5=14</math> more nickels than dimes. As the total count is <math>20</math>, this means that there are <math>17</math> nickels and <math>3</math> dimes, which is equal to <math>\boxed{\mathrm{(A)\ }\textdollar1.15}</math>. |
== See also == | == See also == |
Latest revision as of 23:53, 23 July 2014
Contents
Problem
Patty has coins consisting of nickels and dimes. If her nickels were dimes and her dimes were nickels, she would have cents more. How much are her coins worth?
Solution 1
She has nickels and dimes. Their total cost is cents. If the dimes were nickels and vice versa, she would have cents. This value should be cents more than the previous one. We get , which solves to . Her coins are worth .
Solution 2
Changing a nickel into a dime increases the sum by cents, and changing a dime into a nickel decreases it by the same amount. As the sum increased by cents, there are more nickels than dimes. As the total count is , this means that there are nickels and dimes, which is equal to .
See also
2004 AMC 10B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 14 |
Followed by Problem 16 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | ||
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions |
The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions.