Difference between revisions of "2004 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 8"

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{{duplicate|[[2004 AMC 12A Problems|2004 AMC 12A #8]] and [[2004 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 9|2004 AMC 10A #9]]}}
 
== Problem ==
 
== Problem ==
 
In the overlapping [[triangle]]s <math>\triangle{ABC}</math> and <math>\triangle{ABE}</math> sharing common [[side]] <math>AB</math>, <math>\angle{EAB}</math> and <math>\angle{ABC}</math> are [[right angle]]s, <math>AB=4</math>, <math>BC=6</math>, <math>AE=8</math>, and <math>\overline{AC}</math> and <math>\overline{BE}</math> intersect at <math>D</math>. What is the difference between the areas of <math>\triangle{ADE}</math> and <math>\triangle{BDC}</math>?  
 
In the overlapping [[triangle]]s <math>\triangle{ABC}</math> and <math>\triangle{ABE}</math> sharing common [[side]] <math>AB</math>, <math>\angle{EAB}</math> and <math>\angle{ABC}</math> are [[right angle]]s, <math>AB=4</math>, <math>BC=6</math>, <math>AE=8</math>, and <math>\overline{AC}</math> and <math>\overline{BE}</math> intersect at <math>D</math>. What is the difference between the areas of <math>\triangle{ADE}</math> and <math>\triangle{BDC}</math>?  
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[[Image:AMC10_2004A_9.gif|center]]
  
 
<math>\mathrm {(A)}\ 2 \qquad \mathrm {(B)}\ 4 \qquad \mathrm {(C)}\ 5 \qquad \mathrm {(D)}\ 8 \qquad \mathrm {(E)}\ 9 \qquad</math>
 
<math>\mathrm {(A)}\ 2 \qquad \mathrm {(B)}\ 4 \qquad \mathrm {(C)}\ 5 \qquad \mathrm {(D)}\ 8 \qquad \mathrm {(E)}\ 9 \qquad</math>
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__TOC__
 
__TOC__
 
== Solution ==
 
== Solution ==
[[Image:2004_AMC12A-8.png]]
 
 
=== Solution 1 ===
 
=== Solution 1 ===
 
If we let <math>[\ldots]</math> denote area, <math>[ABE] - [ABC] = [ADE] + [ABD] - [ABD] - [BDC] = [ADE] - [BDC]</math>. Using the given, <math>[ABE] = \frac 12 \cdot 8 \cdot 4</math> and <math>[ABC] = \frac 12 \cdot 6 \cdot 4</math>, and their difference is <math>16 - 12 = 4\ \mathrm{(B)}</math>.
 
If we let <math>[\ldots]</math> denote area, <math>[ABE] - [ABC] = [ADE] + [ABD] - [ABD] - [BDC] = [ADE] - [BDC]</math>. Using the given, <math>[ABE] = \frac 12 \cdot 8 \cdot 4</math> and <math>[ABC] = \frac 12 \cdot 6 \cdot 4</math>, and their difference is <math>16 - 12 = 4\ \mathrm{(B)}</math>.
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== See also ==
 
== See also ==
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* [http://www.artofproblemsolving.com/Forum/viewtopic.php?t=131320 AoPS topic]
 
{{AMC12 box|year=2004|ab=A|num-b=7|num-a=9}}
 
{{AMC12 box|year=2004|ab=A|num-b=7|num-a=9}}
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{{AMC10 box|year=2004|ab=A|num-b=8|num-a=10}}
  
 
[[Category:Introductory Geometry Problems]]
 
[[Category:Introductory Geometry Problems]]

Revision as of 21:57, 23 April 2008

The following problem is from both the 2004 AMC 12A #8 and 2004 AMC 10A #9, so both problems redirect to this page.

Problem

In the overlapping triangles $\triangle{ABC}$ and $\triangle{ABE}$ sharing common side $AB$, $\angle{EAB}$ and $\angle{ABC}$ are right angles, $AB=4$, $BC=6$, $AE=8$, and $\overline{AC}$ and $\overline{BE}$ intersect at $D$. What is the difference between the areas of $\triangle{ADE}$ and $\triangle{BDC}$?

AMC10 2004A 9.gif

$\mathrm {(A)}\ 2 \qquad \mathrm {(B)}\ 4 \qquad \mathrm {(C)}\ 5 \qquad \mathrm {(D)}\ 8 \qquad \mathrm {(E)}\ 9 \qquad$

Solution

Solution 1

If we let $[\ldots]$ denote area, $[ABE] - [ABC] = [ADE] + [ABD] - [ABD] - [BDC] = [ADE] - [BDC]$. Using the given, $[ABE] = \frac 12 \cdot 8 \cdot 4$ and $[ABC] = \frac 12 \cdot 6 \cdot 4$, and their difference is $16 - 12 = 4\ \mathrm{(B)}$.

Solution 2

Since $AE \perp AB$ and $BC \perp AB$, $AE \parallel BC$. By alternate interior angles and AA~, we find that $\triangle ADE \sim \triangle CDB$, with side length ratio $\frac{4}{3}$. Their heights also have the same ratio, and since the two heights add up to $4$, we have that $h_{ADE} = 4 \cdot \frac{4}{7} = \frac{16}{7}$ and $h_{CDB} = 3 \cdot \frac 47 = \frac {12}7$. Subtracting the areas, $\frac{1}{2} \cdot 8 \cdot \frac {16}7 - \frac 12 \cdot 6 \cdot \frac{12}7 = 4$.

See also

2004 AMC 12A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 7
Followed by
Problem 9
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions
2004 AMC 10A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 8
Followed by
Problem 10
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions
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