# Difference between revisions of "2005 AIME II Problems/Problem 5"

## Problem

Determine the number of ordered pairs $(a,b)$ of integers such that $\log_a b + 6\log_b a=5, 2 \leq a \leq 2005,$ and $2 \leq b \leq 2005.$

## Solution

Note that the equation can be rewritten as: $\frac{\log b}{\log a}+6\frac{\log a}{\log b}=5$ or $\frac{(\log b)^2+6(\log a)^2}{\log a * \log b}=5$ Multiplying through by $\displaystyle \log a * \log b$ and factoring yields $\displaystyle (\log b - 3\log a)(\log b - 2\log a)=0$. Therefore, $\displaystyle \log b=3\log a$ or $\displaystyle \log b=2\log a$. Therefore, either $b=a^3$ or $b=a^2$. For the case $b=a^2$, note that $44^2=1936$ and $45^2=2025$. Thus, all values of $a$ from 2 to 44 will work. For the case $b=a^3$, note that $12^3=1728$ while $13^3=2197$. Therefore, for this case, all values of $a$ from 2 to 12 work. There are $44-2+1=43$ possibilities for the square case and $12-2+1=11$ possibilities for the cube case. Thus, the answer is $43+11=054$.