# Difference between revisions of "2005 AIME I Problems/Problem 4"

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== Solution == | == Solution == | ||

+ | If <math>n > 14</math> then <math>n^2 + 6n + 14 < n^2 + 7n < n^2 + 8n + 21</math> and so <math>(n + 3)^2 + 5 < n(n + 7) < (n + 4)^2 + 5</math>. If <math>n</math> is an [[integer]] there are no numbers which are 5 more than a [[perfect square]] strictly between <math>(n + 3)^2 + 5</math> and <math>(n + 4)^2 + 5</math>. Thus, if the number of columns is <math>n</math>, the number of students is <math>n(n + 7)</math> which must be 5 more than a perfect square, so <math>n \leq 14</math>. In fact, when <math>n = 14</math> we have <math>n(n + 7) = 14\cdot 21 = 294 = 17^2 + 5</math>, so this number works and no larger number can. Thus, the answer is 294. | ||

== See also == | == See also == | ||

+ | * [[2005 AIME I Problems/Problem 3 | Previous problem]] | ||

+ | * [[2005 AIME I Problems/Problem 5 | Next problem]] | ||

* [[2005 AIME I Problems]] | * [[2005 AIME I Problems]] |

## Revision as of 18:05, 17 January 2007

## Problem

The director of a marching band wishes to place the members into a formation that includes all of them and has no unfilled positions. If they are arranged in a square formation, there are 5 members left over. The director realizes that if he arranges the group in a formation with 7 more rows than columns, there are no members left over. Find the maximum number of members this band can have.

## Solution

If then and so . If is an integer there are no numbers which are 5 more than a perfect square strictly between and . Thus, if the number of columns is , the number of students is which must be 5 more than a perfect square, so . In fact, when we have , so this number works and no larger number can. Thus, the answer is 294.