# Difference between revisions of "2005 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 25"

## Problem

In $ABC$ we have $AB = 25$, $BC = 39$, and $AC=42$. Points $D$ and $E$ are on $AB$ and $AC$ respectively, with $AD = 19$ and $AE = 14$. What is the ratio of the area of triangle $ADE$ to the area of the quadrilateral $BCED$?

$\mathrm{(A) \ } \frac{266}{1521}\qquad \mathrm{(B) \ } \frac{19}{75}\qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } \frac{1}{3}\qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } \frac{19}{56}\qquad \mathrm{(E) \ } 1$

## Solution

The area of a triangle is $\frac{1}{2}bc\sin A$.

Using this formula:

$[ADE]=\frac{1}{2}\cdot19\cdot14\cdot\sin A = 133\sin A$

$[ABC]=\frac{1}{2}\cdot25\cdot42\cdot\sin A = 525\sin A$

Since the area of $BCED$ is equal to the area of $ABC$ minus the area of $ADE$,

$[BCED] = 525\sin A - 133\sin A = 392\sin A$.

Therefore, the desired ratio is $\frac{133\sin A}{392\sin A}=\frac{19}{56}\Longrightarrow \mathrm{(D)}$

Note: $BC=39$ was not used in this problem