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Revision as of 22:31, 21 September 2007
Problem
Call a number prime-looking if it is composite but not divisible by 2, 3, or 5. The three smallest prime-looking numbers are 49, 77, and 91. There are 168 prime numbers less than 1000. How many prime-looking numbers are there less than 1000?
Solution
The given states that there are 168 prime numbers less than 1000, which is a fact we must somehow utilize. Since there seems to be no easy way to directly calculate the number of "prime-looking" numbers, we can apply the not principle. We can split the numbers from 1 to 1000 into several groups: . Hence, the number of prime-looking number is .
We can calculate using the Principle of Inclusion-Exclusion: (the values of and their intersections can be found quite easily)
Substituting, we find that our answer is .
See also
2005 AMC 12A (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | |
Preceded by Problem 17 |
Followed by Problem 19 |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | |
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions |