Difference between revisions of "2005 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 6"

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== Solution ==
 
== Solution ==
 
Draw height <math>CH</math> (Perpendicular line from point C to line AD). We have that <math>BH=1</math>. From the [[Pythagorean Theorem]], <math>CH=\sqrt{48}</math>. Since <math>CD=8</math>, <math>HD=\sqrt{8^2-48}=\sqrt{16}=4</math>, and <math>BD=HD-1</math>, so <math>BD=\boxed{\text{(A)}3}</math>.
 
Draw height <math>CH</math> (Perpendicular line from point C to line AD). We have that <math>BH=1</math>. From the [[Pythagorean Theorem]], <math>CH=\sqrt{48}</math>. Since <math>CD=8</math>, <math>HD=\sqrt{8^2-48}=\sqrt{16}=4</math>, and <math>BD=HD-1</math>, so <math>BD=\boxed{\text{(A)}3}</math>.
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== Solution #2 (Trig) ==
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After drawing out a diagram, let <math>\angle{ABC}=\theta</math>. By the Law of Cosines, <math>7^2=2^2+7^2-2(7)(2)\cos{\theta} \rightarrow 0=4-28\cos{\theta} \rightarrow \cos{\theta}=\frac{1}{7}</math>. In <math>\triangle CBD</math>, we have <math>\angle{CBD}=(180-\theta)</math>, and using the identity <math>\cos(180-\theta)=-\cos{\theta}</math> and Law of Cosines one more time: <math>8^2=7^2+x^2-2(7)(x)\left( \frac{-1}{7} \right) \rightarrow 64=49+x^2+2x \rightarrow x^2+2x-15=0</math>. The only positive value for <math>x</math> is <math>3</math>, which gives the length of <math>\overline{BD}</math>. Thus the answer is <math>\boxed{\text{A}}</math>.
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~Bowser498
  
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==

Revision as of 14:48, 29 June 2020

The following problem is from both the 2005 AMC 12B #6 and 2005 AMC 10B #10, so both problems redirect to this page.

Problem

In $\triangle ABC$, we have $AC=BC=7$ and $AB=2$. Suppose that $D$ is a point on line $AB$ such that $B$ lies between $A$ and $D$ and $CD=8$. What is $BD$?

$\mathrm{(A)}\ 3      \qquad \mathrm{(B)}\ 2\sqrt{3}      \qquad \mathrm{(C)}\ 4      \qquad \mathrm{(D)}\ 5      \qquad \mathrm{(E)}\ 4\sqrt{2}$

Solution

Draw height $CH$ (Perpendicular line from point C to line AD). We have that $BH=1$. From the Pythagorean Theorem, $CH=\sqrt{48}$. Since $CD=8$, $HD=\sqrt{8^2-48}=\sqrt{16}=4$, and $BD=HD-1$, so $BD=\boxed{\text{(A)}3}$.

Solution #2 (Trig)

After drawing out a diagram, let $\angle{ABC}=\theta$. By the Law of Cosines, $7^2=2^2+7^2-2(7)(2)\cos{\theta} \rightarrow 0=4-28\cos{\theta} \rightarrow \cos{\theta}=\frac{1}{7}$. In $\triangle CBD$, we have $\angle{CBD}=(180-\theta)$, and using the identity $\cos(180-\theta)=-\cos{\theta}$ and Law of Cosines one more time: $8^2=7^2+x^2-2(7)(x)\left( \frac{-1}{7} \right) \rightarrow 64=49+x^2+2x \rightarrow x^2+2x-15=0$. The only positive value for $x$ is $3$, which gives the length of $\overline{BD}$. Thus the answer is $\boxed{\text{A}}$.

~Bowser498

See also

2005 AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 9
Followed by
Problem 11
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions
2005 AMC 12B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 5
Followed by
Problem 7
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

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