# 2006 AIME I Problems/Problem 8

## Problem

Hexagon $ABCDEF$ is divided into five rhombuses, $\mathcal{P, Q, R, S,}$ and $\mathcal{T,}$ as shown. Rhombuses $\mathcal{P, Q, R,}$ and $\mathcal{S}$ are congruent, and each has area $\sqrt{2006}.$ Let $K$ be the area of rhombus $\mathcal{T}$. Given that $K$ is a positive integer, find the number of possible values for $K$.

## Solution 1

Let $x$ denote the common side length of the rhombi. Let $y$ denote one of the smaller interior angles of rhombus $\mathcal{P}$. Then $x^2\sin(y)=\sqrt{2006}$. We also see that $K=x^2\sin(2y) \Longrightarrow K=2x^2\sin y \cdot \cos y \Longrightarrow K = 2\sqrt{2006}\cdot \cos y$. Thus $K$ can be any positive integer in the interval $(0, 2\sqrt{2006})$. $2\sqrt{2006} = \sqrt{8024}$ and $89^2 = 7921 < 8024 < 8100 = 90^2$, so $K$ can be any integer between 1 and 89, inclusive. Thus the number of positive values for $K$ is $\boxed{089}$.

## Solution 2

Call the side of each rhombus w. w is the width of the rhombus. Call the height h, where $w*h=\sqrt{2006}$. The height of rhombus T would be 2h, and the width would be $\sqrt{w^2-h^2}$. Substitute the first equation to get $\sqrt{\frac{2006}{h^2}-h^2}$. Then the area of the rhombus would be $2h * \sqrt{\frac{2006}{h^2}-h^2}$. Combine like terms to get $2 * \sqrt{2006-h^4}$