# Difference between revisions of "2006 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 20"

## Problem

Six distinct positive integers are randomly chosen between $1$ and $2006$, inclusive. What is the probability that some pair of these integers has a difference that is a multiple of $5$?

$\textbf{(A) } \frac{1}{2}\qquad\textbf{(B) } \frac{3}{5}\qquad\textbf{(C) } \frac{2}{3}\qquad\textbf{(D) } \frac{4}{5}\qquad\textbf{(E) } 1\qquad$

## Solution

For two numbers to have a difference that is a multiple of $5$, the numbers must be congruent $\bmod{5}$ (their remainders after division by $5$ must be the same).

$0, 1, 2, 3, 4$ are the possible values of numbers in $\bmod{5}$. Since there are only $5$ possible values in $\bmod{5}$ and we are picking $6$ numbers, by the Pigeonhole Principle, two of the numbers must be congruent $\bmod{5}$.

Therefore the probability that some pair of the $6$ integers has a difference that is a multiple of $5$ is $\boxed{\textbf{(E) }1}$.

## See also

 2006 AMC 10A (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) Preceded byProblem 19 Followed byProblem 21 1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions.

Invalid username
Login to AoPS